Reasoning with Comparisons
Lecture no. 14 from the course: Argumentation: The Study of Effective Reasoning
Taught by Professor David Zarefsky | 30 min | Categories: The Great Courses Plus Online Philosophy & Religion Courses
A common form of inference is that like things should be treated alike. This is reasoning from analogy. This lecture describes types of analogies and tests for this reasoning with comparisons. It will consider why logicians often consider analogy the weakest type of inference, while rhetoricians often consider it the strongest. We will address two uses of the argument from analogy: the judicial analogy and the argument a fortiori, sometimes called a "super-analogy."