Great Ideas of the Zhou—Later Confucianism
Lecture no. 8 from the course: Foundations of Eastern Civilization
Taught by Professor Craig G. Benjamin | 28 min | Categories: The Great Courses Plus Online History Courses
Return to the followers of Confucius and consider two contrasting views of human nature and political theory. While Mencius believed humans were innately good and were entrusted with the Mandate of Heaven, Xunzi believed human nature was essentially evil. Both philosophers, however, remained faithful to Confucius’s belief in the need for well-educated, ethical rulers.