Lecture no. 58 from the course: A History of the United States, 2nd Edition
Taught by Professor Gary W. Gallagher and 2 others | 31 min | Categories: The Great Courses Plus Online History Courses
American cities grew rapidly. They were often badly planned and became overcrowded with ethnic and linguistic neighborhoods. Cities were severely polluted with smoke and ash; contaminated water supplies, poor sanitation, and large numbers of horses worsened public health conditions and shortened life expectancy. Reformers tried to Americanize urban immigrants and campaigned for city government reform.