Mind-Body Philosophy

Rated 3 out of 5 by from Over my head I have several courses from The Great Courses that I have really enjoyed. This course has to be the worst course I have purchased. By that I mean the worst for me and not necessarily implying that the course in itself is bad. For a country boy this is way over my head and had my brain smoking. In my previous courses I could relax and enjoy the experience. This course is hard to follow for me with all its technical jargon. If I had taken this in college I would have failed the course. The course I took on reading Egyptian Hieroglyphs was much easier to understand than this course. I am on lecture 17 and I am struggling to finish this course. I guess I should have read the small print. I though it would be a simple course on the relationship between mind and body, but it goes far beyond that. The course includes how the eye works and the parts of the eye, as well as the parts of the brain and how it works. I can understand studying the brain but it gets really into physiology and more indepth than I expected in this course. The course also includes a lot about artificial intelligence and machines which I don't care about. I was more interested in my mind and body and not about artificial intelligence. While this course was making me strain my brain to keep up, others who have a superior intelligence may find this course fascinating. I will in the future read the fine print and keep getting courses that are educational, enjoyable and stay within the limits of my small brain intellectual capacity.
Date published: 2019-02-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from More Than Philosophy Though titled "Mind-Body Philosophy" , this course is much more than a Philosophical exploration.Really the course is an interdisciplinary approach that will give you some insight into the current state of our understanding. If you are at all interested in the nature of mind and consciousness, the course is an excellent survey of the significant contributors and contributions to both the scientific and philosophical issues involved in the mind-body "problem". In addition the presentation is first rate.Professor Grim is clear and insightful with an understated sense of humor and proportion. The subject matter is challenging and broad, but well worth the effort. I don't think you will be disappointed; I know the course exceeded my expectations.
Date published: 2019-01-10
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very comprehensive and one of the best yet. I recommend this for the thinking inquisitive person.
Date published: 2018-12-31
Rated 4 out of 5 by from How little we know The course explores the question of what is consciousness historically and to the current time, from philosophy, science, and machine "intelligence". This is not my first course rodeo on this subject. Like the other course, this one left me a little empty and wanting more. I have realized this is the mark of a good job in that the professor has not oversold what we know. If you watch all the lectures, you will arrive at lecture 23 which I feel is outstanding. Lecture 23 ties together ideas and evidence about consciousness and makes predictions about what we will never know about consciousness. There is apparently more to consciousness than we can observe whether one is a materialist or a dualist. If you want to know what we know and don't know about consciousness, this course rises to outstanding. Just be prepared for how much we don't know.
Date published: 2018-12-08
Rated 2 out of 5 by from A Matter of Bias The topic area, Mind-Body, is generally explored from 2 points of view - Materialism (Monism) and Dualism. The presenter shows a strong inclination and support towards a materialistic point of view in the same way that most "scientific" explorations share the view, for example, that the brain (matter) creates consciousness. This assumption proposes that, for example, human consciousness is a function or matter and so notions of individual volition is an illusion most of us suffer from. The course presenter only allows himself to look a "The Big Picture" in the last lecture. The course is essentially a review of literature over the centuries. The problem is that there is so much currently going on, for example, regarding NDE and how to people who have been brain dead for extended periods can, when/if resusitated not only retain a "Self" after the brain being devoid of electrical charge over time. Also research into microtubules was hardly mentioned. The interesting work Tom Campbell is doing into reimagining dualism and an associated framework of understanding missed. This course was largely a retrospective look at the topic area.
Date published: 2018-10-05
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent Life-changing, thought-provoking.... real brain food.
Date published: 2018-09-17
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Difficult Course I found this to be a very interesting course. Early on I was confused with all the "isms". I should have printed out the glossary beforehand. The course got more interesting to me in the latter half, understandably since I am a trained physicist. The lecturer was very good in explaining a difficult but interesting subject.
Date published: 2018-08-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great teacher. Dr. Grimm does not make for grim learning. neither does he indulge in fairy tales! i like. i learned a lot from this, my second Grimm course. witty, smart, clear - would recommend his course, even if you have little interest in his subject area, as you will by the time you have finished!
Date published: 2018-06-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Tai Chi course arriving before I finished the last This is the fourth I think in a series of excellent great courses on Tai Chi. The first concentrating on teaching the moves and how to put them together into a form.This one hasn't got as much new moves to absorb and incorporate into your practice. It just gives ways to put the previous ones into up to an 1 hours worth of a workout...concentrating on straight or flow or workouts when you don't have time to do all the others. Mr. Ross is even making himself available on the internet with live interactive programs and teaching. What more can he do to help us? I guess I will just have to finish all the previous lectures and recommended reading or wait til the next course in the series appears or he collects all of this new material for teaching he has produced into a book.
Date published: 2018-05-24
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Outstanding Fantastic course. Professor Carrol is an excellent lecturer. He makes very complex idea understandable to the non-physicist. For whatever reason, I have a fascination with entropy, which plays a recurring role in the whole discussion. His explanation and discussion of the concept and its role in cosmology is the best I've heard. As intellectually demanding as the material is, I will listen to the entire series again.
Date published: 2018-04-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great Professor! This professor made scholarly and difficult materials very accessible. Good examples and great presentation.
Date published: 2018-02-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Enlighting I purchased this a couple weeks ago and absolutely love it. I am so excited every day to learn more about how our mind and body work.
Date published: 2018-01-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from A mariage of Philosophy and Science As a "Philosophy Course facillitator" of U3A Coffs Harbour, Australia, this course is extremely helpful in formulating subjects for discussion. U3A is a voluntary, not for profit,adult education organisation, formed for the benifit of seniors in our comunity. By using this course, with your permission, I am sure will result in more purchases. Gerrit Breunis
Date published: 2018-01-17
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Clear and concise I am a reasonably well-read autodidact in this stuff, and bought the course to see if I'd missed anything. Much of what he had to say I already knew, but even when he covered familiar territory I was grateful for the fresh perspective. I picked up quite a bit from the lectures on brain function, for example. I did spot what I believe are two mistakes. On his diagram of evolutionary history, he had fishes at a billion years ago, whereas they came after the Cambrian explosion, about 500 million years ago. Also, he says that quantum entanglement allows information to be transmitted faster than the speed of light. It's true that a measurement at point A can imply something about a measurement at point B, perhaps light years away, but that can't serve as an instantaneous quantum telegraph between here and Alpha Centauri. Neither of these are especially serious. Anything missing? I would like to have heard his views on Thomas Aquinas, whom he waves off. I''m not a Thomist, but I'd still have liked to have heard his explanation of Thomas's views on the soul and, presumably, his criticisms thereof. These however are nits. Overall I thought it was excellent in content and presentation and would recommend it to anyone interested in the philosophy of mind.
Date published: 2017-12-18
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Philosophy or science? When I bought this course, I did so with some concerns that it would be a lot of wooly minded New Age, "let's just meditate" stuff. The catalog write up convinced me to go ahead anyway. In the end, it was much better. While I wouldn't call it difficult material, it clearly had some clarity to it. A number of the topics covered were very interesting and raised new issues for me. A good bit of mind stretching. My rating is only four stars because I felt that there was no cohesion to the overall course. For example, the topic of phantom limbs was raised in the first lecture. A very juicy topic for this course, in my humble opinion. But the course never got back to it in any of the subsequent lectures. "Hey, this is interesting" seemed to be the approach to quite a few topics, but there was nothing that tied them all together. The lecturer had no apparent personal opinion on a lot of the material. That's fine in, say, a political course, where you may feel that what's being espoused is trying to justify a priori political opinions. In this course, however, there didn't seem to be any conclusions even at the end. (A number of the individuals lectures also seemed to end pretty abruptly, almost mid-paragraph in some cases.)
Date published: 2017-12-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Thoughtful, Structured, Profound -and Entertaining I have 197 courses in my TC library. So I am devoted. Of these none have given me so much of that pleasure that comes in learning. And none lays out so clearly our nature as sentient beings.
Date published: 2017-12-06
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Mind-Body Philosophy I bought this course as an audio download on sale, and feared that it would more or less be a slightly repackaged rehash of the same professor's excellent 2009 offering, Philosophy of Mind. Happily, such is not the case. Although the major positions in the philosophy of mind (e.g.physicalism, functionalism, dualism, eliminative materialism, et al.) are presented clearly, this course also explores such topics as Eastern religions, the etymology and history of the concept, "soul" in Western religion and philosophy and an intriguing lecture on what can be learned about consciousness and unconsciousness from the study of General anesthetics (which in one way or another induce unconsciousness in real-time under observable circumstances). I listened to the lectures in sequence which worked well; and have since enjoy single lectures on a stand-alone basis. I think the course can be approached either way (i.e. Sequentially or as set of stand-alone lectures). Professor Grim the good lecturer with a knack for illustrating abstract points by way of example and the analogy. The series can be enjoyed by the curious newbie as well as those like me with the philosophy background. If you have an interest in the philosophy of mind, psychology or mind-body theories and practices, there will probably be something in these lectures for you. Best of all, at least from my experience, lectures are fun rather than dry, which is really saying something when the topic is something as potentially dry as the philosophy of mind and issues of mind-body relationship. Recommended for those with an interest in the topics I have mentioned.
Date published: 2017-10-07
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent This is the second course I've listened to from Dr. Grimm. I find his knowledge and delivery style to be excellent. I'd be very hard pressed to suggest any improvements.
Date published: 2017-10-02
Rated 4 out of 5 by from A Modest Update of Grim's "Philosophy Of Mind" I am a big fan of Professor Grim in general and of his 2008 course "Philosophy of Mind" in particular. So when I saw he had recorded this new course in 2017, I immediately subscribed to it. It never occurred to me that the 2017 course would be largely devoted to recycling material from the 2008 course. Rather, i assumed that Professor Grim had new material to present and that where there was overlap with material from the 2008 course, he would do what Professor Greenberg does: briefly summarize the discussion from the prior course and refer viewers/auditors to the earlier course if they wished to hear the complete presentation. Alas, this course is largely a rehash of the 2008 course In particular, I believe about 80% of the material in this 2017 course is either the same verbatim as that in the 2008 course or a close paraphrase, with some material moderately compressed and other material moderately expanded. To be sure, the 2017 course does discuss some intervening developments, but by and large these are minor. And with respect to the 80% of the material that appears in both the 2008 and this 2017 course, I believe that, as a general matter, the presentation in the 2008 course is far tighter, more elegant, and superior. For example, while the opening lecture in the 2008 course compelling set forth all the themes of the course -- through a discussion of a dream of Descartes, the brain of Einstein, and a 19th century prototype of a computer -- the opening lecture of the 2017 courses seizes on a baseball metaphor of left field, right field, and center field to discuss materialism, idealism, and dualism, but the metaphor was a meaningless digression that didn't illuminate issues in the course at all. And there are numerous other respects in the 2008 course is superior: e.g., the discussion of zombies, which was concentrated in one lecture, rather than being haphazardly spread between multiple lectures as it was in the 2017 course. In any case, I think it was misleading of the teaching company to label this a separate course: it was more in the nature of a "second edition" of the course released in 2008. But because the "new" material was so limited and of such little value, I am hard pressed to explain why the 2017 was made and released. As a minor protest, I am returning the 2017 course for a refund. In fairness, if Professsor Grim had not made the 2008 course, I think the 2017 course would have been an excellent course and I would have recommended it. For that reason, I have given the course good numerical ratings. But because the 2008 course exists and is superior, my recommendation is that interested persons obtain that course instead, and I would not recommend this 2017 course to a friend..
Date published: 2017-07-06
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Always stimulating, with a reservation Grim si great at explaining difficult concepts in clear ways for the layman and from that standpoint I would strong recommend this course. The only reasons I don't give it 5 stars is that he's not informed on the criticisms of the mechanistic theories to explain near-death experiences and related phenomena, like remote viewing and death bed visions. In God Reconsidered, I show that brain biochemistry near death and the effects of drugs can't explain these and there are plenty of double-blind studies that show remote viewing is possible for some and strong anecdotal evidence of individuals reporting conversations during their NDE between others who were not in the room with the body. I'd recommend the course The Spiritual Brain by Dr/ Andrew Newberg for another perspective on these issues.
Date published: 2017-06-09
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Splendid! This is one of the best philosophy lectures I've ever listened to in my life. Strongly recommend anyone who's interested in consciousness!
Date published: 2017-06-01
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Thought Provoking and Introspective Professor Grim offers very insightful perspectives on the many aspects of the mind-body dilemma. Examinations of deep thinkers throughout history are considered along with exploration of different perspectives from purely objective (Materialism) to purely subjective (Idealism). Interesting thought experiments also stimulated my thoughts on key questions that have been raised for decades. Professor Grim demonstrates a clear command and knowledge of the subject matter and forces the student to examine his/her own position, or at least the unanswered questions!
Date published: 2017-05-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Fantastic Journey into the Mind I ordered this course based upon my interest in philosophy, however I was so pleased at the journey it took me through a better understanding of the way the mind works. It satisfied both my interest, philosophy and life science.
Date published: 2017-05-12
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Inspiring knowledge I completed up to lecture 12 and have learned so much in just a few days. I would want to re-listen to the lectures for a second time, just in case I missed anything.
Date published: 2017-04-06
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Enjoyable This is a very enjoyable and accessible course where the ideas are clearly explained. I would like to see more courses from Prof. Grim such as a 36 lecture course explaining all the ideas of the great philosophers. Having said that the best Prof. for explaining philosophical ideas is Prof. Phillip Cary. I would love a 48 lecture course by Cary he is that good.
Date published: 2017-03-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Outstanding! I have purchased many products from Great Courses and "Mind-Body Philosophy" is one of my favorite courses. Moreover, I have two other offerings by Professor Grim and rank him among my three favorite professors.
Date published: 2017-03-20
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Another Great Learning Trip With Professor Grim Having very much enjoyed Dr Grim's other courses I was not surprised to find that this was extremely informative and at the forefront of Mind/Brain research. We go from the ancient Philosophers through Eastern Traditions to AI and Neurobiology in our search for what Consciousness might be and what it is needed for. Lesson 24 posits a possible research path starting with "Why do we need Consciousness?" and was it an evolutionary selection or did it just come along for the ride with subjectivity and perception. I would recommend this for anyone wondering how the lump of flesh in their skull can produce subjective vision, hearing, feeling and thoughts.
Date published: 2017-03-05
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Human consciousness is a multilevel phenomena Video download. • COGNITIVE THEORY is the study of "intelligence and behavior, with a focus on how nervous systems represent, process, and transform information" (Wikipedia) • PHILOSOPHY OF MIND is a "branch of philosophy that studies the nature of the mind, mental events, mental functions, mental properties, consciousness, and their relationship to the physical body, particularly the brain". (Wikipedia again) Dr. Grim's MIND-BODY PHILOSOPHY is an overview of how these two disciplines co-operate and co-evolve to some extent. Where have they led us at this point? We all experience a rich array of perceptions, fears, hopes, and memories every day. And yet the organ responsible for processing these crucial elements of "who we are" is an unimpressive three-and-a-half pound bundle of nerves nestled in our skull. Given this material reality, how is human consciousness possible? ________________________ As other reviewers have pointed out (see BGZRedux for more detail), most of this course is taken up with cognitive theory experiments touching sense perception, memory, altered states and so on. Philosophy's role is to analyse cognitive terminology for logical problems. Philosophy also contributes a rich history of mind-body speculation since the ancient Greeks, some parts of which were blind alleys. The concept of "soul", for example, quickly lost currency in cognitive psychology because it added nothing to the debate. Word analysis alone, however, without well-designed experiments, can only get you so far. Too often, pre-modern philosophy created magnificent conceptual castles that were undisprovable, and therefore scientifically useless. ________________________ Given Dr Grim's background in philosophy, I was surprised that he did not try harder to define what he meant by "human consciousness" early on. In common parlance, and speaking as a humble non-expert, human consciousness to me refers to two interrelated yet distinct faculties: LEVEL 1: Like animals, we perceive, emote, remember, seek pleasure and avoid pain. MIND-BODY PHILOSOPHY is mostly concerned with this level of consciousness, and there is still much that remains unexplained. Perhaps a paradigm shift is required. LEVEL 2: Unlike animals, we are also conscious of our consciousness. To use a car driving analogy, our brain pilots our body around, accumulating experiences and memories. But at the same time, part of that mind occupies a back seat, commenting and judging every impression created by Level 1. Level 2 is a pattern-seeking chatterbox obsessed with social appearances and standing. It also brings a narrative quality to self-awareness, where our past is reinterpreted in light of a shifting, anticipated future. This creates most of our stresses and anxieties. Obviously, Level 2 depends on material provided by Level 1. Without Level 1, there is no Level 2. But both levels are different. ____________________ If you are primarily interested in Level 1, this is a great course. Dr Grim is a clear and eloquent lecturer. As this is an idea-driven course, audio platforms are sufficient if supplemented by Wikipedia. The course guidebook is also very helpful with a good annotated bibliography. _____________________ As for Level 2, refer instead to four other courses by TGC. • MIND-BODY MEDICINE, • SCIENCE OF MINDFULNESS, • PRACTICING MINDFULNESS and • COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY Unlike MIND-BODY PHILOSOPHY, these four courses are primarily therapeutic. They focus on how we can better manage our wayward minds, and not the brain's neurological relationship to consciousness. The point is stress reduction. If Level 1 consciousness is still a mystery physiologically, imagine Level 2! Dr Grim doesn't really touch that subject or apply philosophy to it.
Date published: 2017-02-21
Rated 5 out of 5 by from How can 3 pounds of matter produce consciousness? Wow! I was greatly impressed by this course. For example, two lectures are outstanding: Lecture 17 "A guided tour of the brain", this lecture covers in around 30 minutes beautiful explanations about the brain from the neurons to complex relations between brain modules. Lecture 14: this lectures covers emotions an their role as a linkage between mind an body. At last I had a nice explanation about the James-Lange hypothesis "The truth isn’t that we run because we are afraid. The truth is that we’re afraid because we run".
Date published: 2017-02-18
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Fascinating and Beautifully Taught (Watched on DVD. Some anatomic and functional diagrams of the brain were quite helpful, but course would be fine on audio. The Course Guidebook is excellent - very complete, with an extensive annotated bibliography.) This is a wonderful course, almost continuously fascinating, and extremely well-taught. It covers millenia of humanity's analyses of the relationship between our minds and our bodies, giving both an historical overview and remarkably clear insights into the ideas - some profound and some, in retrospect, rather silly - which many of our greatest thinkers have offered. Be aware that a large part of the course is not philosophy per se, but rather cognitive science, the study of the biological functioning of our brains and the relationship of this to our subjective experience. The scientists are admirably candid in admitting that they are not studying consciousness directly, but rather the "neurological correlates of consciousness." Ay, there's the rub. We learn of the astonishing progress which has been made in understanding the physiology of our nervous system, but neither this nor the work of many brilliant philosophers gets us any closer to fathoming consciousness and subjective experience in and of themselves. This is known, with quite extraordinary understatement, as "the hard problem." At the very end of the course our professor tackles this conundrum directly. He notes that some respected philosophers, who apparently go by the name of 'mysterians' (not to be confused with the 1957 Japanese science fiction film), believe that the nature of consciousness "is a problem we cannot solve, ever and in principle." But he urges that we reject that conclusion, because it might inhibit us from further progress. And he provides an outline of his own approach for going forward. Now, I happen to be a mysterian, but I would certainly want to keep searching. The more we learn about the neurological correlates of consciousness the better, both because the knowledge is wonderful in itself, and because it will enable us to progress in our understanding and treatment of neurological disorders. But I truly cannot see any way that consciousness can ever be understood from the outside; all we can ever know about subjective experience is our subjective experience. Professor Grim is a gifted lecturer. He is clear and eloquent, extremely well-organized, and deeply knowledgeable in an extraordinarily wide range of related fields. Just a couple of minor quibbles: - As another reviewer noted, early on Professor Grim throws out an off-handed comment about not being a fan of Nietzsche. As it happens, I consider Nietzsche to be the most brilliant and insightful philosopher of all time (except for his inexcusable misogyny). His work was vastly distorted by his anti-semitic sister after his death, as well as by the National Socialists, whom he would have detested. I am rather tired of hearing thoughtless slurs regarding him, without even a pretence of an attempt at justification. - Our professor also manages to insult my other most admired philosopher, Ludwig Wittgenstein. Aside from stating (in Lecture 15) that "Wittgenstein is always obscure", which is utter nonsense, Professor Grim ascribes Wittgenstein's "enormous impact" largely to "the force of a charismatic personality and a dramatic air of ascetic philosophical intensity," rather than to the brilliance of his work. No, Dr. Grim, very wrong again, as anyone unbiased would find after reading "Philosophical Investigations." These points aside, however, this is a truly outstanding course. It has my highest recommendation for any with an interest in the philosophy or science of mind-body interactions.
Date published: 2017-02-14
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Mind-Body Philosophy
Course Trailer
Mind, Body, and Questions of Consciousness
1: Mind, Body, and Questions of Consciousness

The 3.5 pounds of gray matter in your skull processes all the information you need to live and thrive-from the functioning of your physical body to your relationships with loved ones. But how can the physical matter of the brain create the subjective experience of your life? That is the mind-body problem....

32 min
Mind and Body in Greek Philosophy
2: Mind and Body in Greek Philosophy

Humans have been asking this question for thousands of years: exactly how are we related to the world around us? Learn what modern Western thought inherited from the Greeks and how the theories of Pythagoras, Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle still affect our thinking and questioning today....

31 min
Eastern Perspectives on Mind and Body
3: Eastern Perspectives on Mind and Body

Western philosophers want to understand how the physical brain produces the reality of subjective experience. But Hindu and Buddhist traditions don't recognize that same dualism. Unlike the Western attempt to discover the truth of how things are, Eastern philosophy takes a more practical line of inquiry, examining how to best live....

31 min
Using the Body to Shape the Mind
4: Using the Body to Shape the Mind

We tend to think of the mind being in charge of, and giving instructions to, the body. But is it possible for the body to direct the mind? Learn how the Eastern practical disciplines of yoga and meditation and Western habits of physical exercise can affect the brain and the mind....

32 min
History of the Soul
5: History of the Soul

While the concept of the soul has been of great philosophical importance over the millennia, it is not addressed by contemporary brain science or philosophy of the mind. Learn why William James encouraged people to believe in the soul if they wanted to, but "exiled" the subject from the concerns of modern psychology....

32 min
How Descartes Divided Mental from Physical
6: How Descartes Divided Mental from Physical

How can you know with absolute certainty that you exist? Rene Descartes famously answered: "I think; therefore I am." He also suggested a complete split between the mind and the physical body. The vast and sharply divided responses to Descartes' dualism still influence the ways in which we address the mind-body problem today....

31 min
Mistakes about Our Own Consciousness
7: Mistakes about Our Own Consciousness

One thing we know we can count on is the validity of our everyday experiences. After all, we know what we see, hear, feel, and think on a daily basis, right? You'll be surprised to learn how wrong we can be even about the realm of experience itself and our own everyday consciousness....

29 min
Strange Cases of Consciousness
8: Strange Cases of Consciousness

The study of individuals with unusual brains-e.g., those with split brains, color-blindness, face-blindness, synesthesia-has revealed brain modularity, differentiation, blending, and other mechanisms of consciousness. Do we really see with our eyes? Learn how the brain's organization affects even our most basic perception of the world around us....

30 min
Altered States of Consciousness
9: Altered States of Consciousness

Learn what dreams, lucid dreams, hallucinations, and other altered states teach us about brain structure and function. Why do so many hallucinations include the same geometric shapes? And after thousands of years of inquiry, do we finally understand the purpose of our dreams? Do dreams help us remember-or forget?...

32 min
Memory, Mind, and Brain
10: Memory, Mind, and Brain

Philosopher John Locke suggested it is your continuous sequence of memories that allows you to be "you." But what is memory and how is it related to our emotions and dreams? Learn about the many different ways in which the brain stores the information we later retrieve and experience as memory....

31 min
Self-Consciousness and the Self
11: Self-Consciousness and the Self

Throughout the centuries, philosophers and scientists have tried to come to a definitive understanding of the self and self-consciousness-and failed. The exciting intellectual journey through these theories and experiments will lead you to a new way of seeing yourself and the world around you....

31 min
Rival Psychologies of the Mind
12: Rival Psychologies of the Mind

William James, Sigmund Freud, and Wilhelm Wundt all aimed for a science of consciousness in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, differing significantly in ideas and methodology. Learn why Wundt left the strongest mark on contemporary psychology, with the neuroscience revolution of the early 21st century picking up where he left off....

33 min
The Enigma of Free Will
13: The Enigma of Free Will

Our daily experiences tell us we are acting with a free will. But you'll be surprised to learn what quantum mechanics and the latest studies in readiness potential reveal about our decision making. Is it possible that scientific inquiry is just not germane to the ongoing philosophical conundrum of free will and determinism?...

30 min
Emotions: Where Mind and Body Meet
14: Emotions: Where Mind and Body Meet

We all know emotions can affect the body-e.g., heart-pounding fear, tears of joy. But can the physical body affect emotions as well? And could emotions be a requirement for rationality itself? You'll be surprised by the latest research on the very complex relationships between body, mind, and emotions....

31 min
Could a Machine Be Conscious?
15: Could a Machine Be Conscious?

Twentieth-century mathematicians Alan Turing and Ludwig Wittgenstein both asked: "Could machines think?" Learn how they addressed the complex concepts of language, thinking, intelligence, and consciousness. All contemporary computers and the fields of artificial intelligence and neural networks trace their origin to Turing. But Wittgenstein seems to have the last word....

31 min
Computational Approaches to the Mind
16: Computational Approaches to the Mind

Since the development of computers, philosophers and scientists have wondered what we could learn about our own intelligence by building intelligent machines. What would a deeper understanding of computerized information processing teach us about the brain? Learn how these lines of inquiry have led to revelations about the differences between mind and machine....

32 min
A Guided Tour of the Brain
17: A Guided Tour of the Brain

We've made great strides in understanding the workings of the human brain-from our hundred billion neurons and trillions of synapses, to more than fifty neurotransmitters. We've mapped the brain and described each part's functions, evolutionary history, and methods of processing information. What have we not "found?" Consciousness....

30 min
Thinking Body and Extended Mind
18: Thinking Body and Extended Mind

We believe our thinking occurs in our head. But that's not entirely correct. In some cases, cognition requires the mind and the body. Learn how the autonomic, sympathetic, and enteric nervous systems are linked to the brain, integrated into the body, and even connected to the outside world....

30 min
Francis Crick and Binding in the Brain
19: Francis Crick and Binding in the Brain

After co-discovering the structure of DNA, Francis Crick turned his research attention to mind-body issues. He believed in an underlying physical structure of consciousness. Was he correct? Learn about Crick's spatial and temporal hypotheses, the binding problem, and the reasons he pinned his research hopes on the brain's claustrum....

32 min
Clues on Consciousness from Anesthesiology
20: Clues on Consciousness from Anesthesiology

Is it possible to be certain that an anesthetized patient who seems to be unconscious during surgery really feels no pain? Our current knowledge of the brain, anesthetics, and consciousness at the physiological level, lead us to believe in the possibility of building a "consciousness monitor." But would even that answer the question?...

30 min
Of Mind, Materialism, and Zombies
21: Of Mind, Materialism, and Zombies

Distinguished philosophers and scientists have put forth their theories about the mind, brain, and consciousness. But each of us has our own views, too. "Zombie thought experiments" can help identify and clarify your personal views. Are you a materialist, a reductionist, an anti-behaviorist, a dualist? Find out with the aid of your zombie scorecard....

31 min
Thought Experiments against Materialism
22: Thought Experiments against Materialism

Physicists and philosophers have relied on thought experiments for thousands of years. But how can we know that the conclusions of thought experiments are correct? Learn what Leibniz' "giant head" and Searle's "Chinese room" can tell us about materialism-and about the potential limits of our own imaginations....

30 min
Consciousness and the Explanatory Gap
23: Consciousness and the Explanatory Gap

What is consciousness? Some scientists describe it as a result of emergence, much as "wet" emerges from a particular combination of hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Others propose that neuroscience will answer the question-or already has. But is it possible that the human mind will never be able to fully understand its own consciousness?...

31 min
A Philosophical Science of Consciousness?
24: A Philosophical Science of Consciousness?

If the fields of brain science, philosophy, and artificial intelligence alone cannot adequately explain the relationship between body, mind, and consciousness, where should we look for answers? Explore an exciting step-by-step approach that could lead to a richer understanding of the process of consciousness and its evolutionary benefit....

35 min
Patrick Grim

In the end, imagining a world of fact without value is quite nearly impossible for creatures like us. Our lives are woven in terms of the things we value.


Boston University


State University of New York, Stony Brook

About Patrick Grim

Dr. Patrick Grim is Distinguished Teaching Professor of Philosophy at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. He graduated with highest honors in anthropology and philosophy from the University of California, Santa Cruz. He was named a Fulbright Fellow to the University of St. Andrews, Scotland, from which he earned his B.Phil. He earned his Ph.D. from Boston University. Professor Grim is the recipient of several honors and awards. In addition to being named SUNY Distinguished Teaching Professor, Dr. Grim has been awarded the President and Chancellor's awards for excellence in teaching and was elected to the Academy of Teachers and Scholars. The Weinberg Distinguished Visiting Professor at the University of Michigan in 2006, Professor Grim has also held visiting fellowships at the Center for Complex Systems at Michigan and at the Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. Professor Grim, author of The Incomplete Universe: Totality, Knowledge, and Truth; coauthor of The Philosophical Computer: Exploratory Essays in Philosophical Computer Modeling; and editor of the forthcoming Mind and Consciousness: 5 Questions, is widely published in scholarly journals. He is the founder and coeditor of 25 volumes of The Philosopher's Annual, an anthology of the best articles published in philosophy each year.

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