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How Science Shapes Science Fiction

From rocket science and exoplanet ecology to time travel and alien encounters, dive into the real scientific principles that inspire and support great science fiction stories.
How Science Shapes Science Fiction is rated 4.8 out of 5 by 26.
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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very interesting. Fascinating course. This was definitely the best course I have taken in a few years. The audio version might be a little better than the video version, due to the endless replay of graphics in the left side of the screen. After a few lectures you might find yourself lost in the animations, but don't let that detract from the great material in the course. If you're looking for a captivating science course, this is the one. If not, I really don't care, you should take it regardless.
Date published: 2024-02-16
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Good Discussion of Science and Science Fiction I think it may be that science fiction shapes science as much as science shapes science fiction, and I might quarrel with some of his choices (though I assume some are motivated to keep the course popular), but he does a first-rate job of demonstrating how science has shaped the work of a number of sci-fi writers, Robert Heinlein, Larry Niven, Arthur Clarke, in particular, and been poorly applied or hand-waved away in other work. I especially liked the attention shown to Olaf Stapledon; I agree that he is an often unjustly overlooked great writer.
Date published: 2023-06-20
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellent course for sci-fi fans! I have taken this course 1 year ago perhaps, and still check some episodes time to time. One of the best courses for sci-fans in Wondrium. Professor also very precise in his delivery on topic without any hyperverbally. This is a must take course in this platform
Date published: 2022-10-27
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very enjoyable and informative! I came across this course right after finishing the fascinating -- and fun -- course exploring how science fiction raises and deals with fundamental philosophical questions ("Sci-phi: Science Fiction as Philosophy") which I highly recommend, too! This course provides a different perspective as it provides us with a "conversation" of sorts between superb science fiction writers and the world of science as the lecturer, Professor Adler, does a skillful job in showing the many -- often quite involved -- ways that science fiction writers use -- or abuse -- science facts. As in the course "Sci-Phi," he cites specific works -- books and movies -- as examples of where science is used well, sometimes evaded in part, and in other places where writers boldly project developments that our best scientific minds -- with our current state of knowledge -- find doubtful at best, if not impossible. As one who remembers watching the original Star Trek television series as it was first broadcast in the '60s, I found his comments about faster-than-light drives (dubious, at best) and teleportation (probably impossible, and just as well!) insightful and fun. He actually discusses teleportation on more than one occasion and in so doing firmed up my own suspicious and trepidations about this method of transportation. (Among the latter was my own questioning about just "who" a person would be after rematerializing -- "themselves" or "someone" a tad different? No thanks, Scottie, I'll use the shuttle!) I am very glad that I took both courses, and I find it uplifting to encounter professors so capable in their fields who ALSO enjoy good science fiction. It is also impressive to realize just how many books and movies on the subject with which they are familiar. A very interesting and always fascinating -- even entertaining -- course! Well done!
Date published: 2022-08-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Two of my favorite things in one lecture It was a great deal since two of my favorite things come together in this series of lectures. He covers both books & movies with an emphasis on the first, thankfully. I've read or watched almost all of them, so I didn't have to waste brain power on that aspect. Instead I could concentrate on the lessons he pulled out of them. He also does a pretty good job of tracing portions of the evolution of SF. If you're new to the genre, reading the books & stories he holds up as examples would be a great introduction. Adler is a physicist & spends most of his time looking at SF through that lens, although he occasionally gets into other sciences briefly. While I missed some of the biology & chemistry he could have covered, it was probably best that he stayed in his lane. His explanations were usually quite good & he avoided getting too technical. While he did some calculations, he kept them simple. He's very even-handed in his treatment of the material. - He's a big fan of Becky Chambers & points out a lot of good science in the Wayfarers trilogy, but also points out where she apparently confused a tidally locked planet & moon in her descriptions of Port Coriol & the issues of powering a spaceship with algae. - He takes Jules Verne to task for the bullet to the moon in From the Earth to the Moon while praising the rest of the actual science behind the story. It's the best explanation I've come across for its launch location being so close to Cape Canaveral. - The 6th lecture covers Iron Man, Captain America, & Spiderman. It was the most fun even if he did ruin Iron Man's flying & Captain America's shield. He made up for it by getting into Spiderman's webbing. He's a good lecturer & a pleasure to listen to. I highly recommend this to one & all.
Date published: 2022-02-20
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Great material but ruined by crummy filming The professor in How Science Shapes Science Fiction is a good speaker, knows his material well, and gives interesting lectures. But sadly, these presentations are ruined by stupid moving graphics in the background. There are only about four different spinning graphics (one looks like a 1980s style trajectory of a satellite launch, another a planet with lines intersecting it, another a planetary scene) and they all repeat endlessly. Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly.Endlessly. Super annoying and uselessly distracting. It was like a hypnotist trying to keep your focus on her pendulum watch going back and forth, back and forth, back and forth... endlessly! I ended up only listening, not watching as much, just because of the annoying "dynamic" backgrounds. This course might be great, if some current filming techniques were used, and the visual scenes were not so needlessly busy and contrived. There are a few actual inserted graphics which help support the professor's presentations, but those are very few and far between. Instead, the spinning graphic come back and that ruins the course. This course would be excellent in AUDIO ONLY, but as to the DVD version, I do not recommend it.
Date published: 2022-02-06
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Good choices and easily understood We're both technically minded, so some of the explanations seemed over simplistic, but at the same time, everything was clearly and entertainingly explained, with excellent examples and visuals, and we really enjoyed the course. A good introduction to lots of basic science through the vehicle of well known (and some less well known) fiction.
Date published: 2022-01-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Excellemt This is a great course. Professor Adler is interesting all the way through and it is jammed with science. I am 72 and never been a nerd but he presents everything clearly and it's so good to get a better grip on the science in science fiction including what is real and what isn't. More from Professor Adler!!
Date published: 2021-12-15
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View scientific knowledge through the lens of fiction and explore theories, concepts, and formulas that may seem daunting in more academic settings. How Science Shapes Science Fiction showcases the ways fiction has an amazing capacity to teach us about ourselves and the nature of the world we live in.


Charles L. Adler

I will show you how we can use our latest understanding of key ideas and concepts in physics, cosmology, quantum mechanics, chaos theory, and more–to demonstrate how the science behind fascinating concepts found in movies and novels is more often startlingly real and frequently the impetus for invention.


St. Mary’s College of Maryland

Charles L. Adler is a Professor of Physics at St. Mary’s College of Maryland. He received his PhD, MS, and BS in Physics from Brown University, where he focused on experimental laser physics. He is the author of more than 40 papers on experimental physics, optics, and mathematics. He is a member of the Light and Color in Nature group, an international group of scientists who study the interaction of light with the atmosphere and landscape. He was the chair of the 2012 Light and Color in Nature meeting and has been the coeditor of four special issues of the scientific journal Applied Optics on the topic of meteorological optics.


Professor Adler has been a science fiction fan almost since he learned to read, and his first ambition was to become a science fiction writer. The genre led him to a love of science, especially when he realized that the science portrayed in science fiction was often inaccurate. To help readers tell the real science from the fake, he wrote the critically acclaimed book Wizards, Aliens, and Starships: Physics and Math in Fantasy and Science Fiction. In 2015, it was a cowinner of the Science Writing Award for Books from the American Institute of Physics, and it made several lists of notable science books, including that of The Guardian. He is also cowriting a book on the science of Leonardo da Vinci with Matthew Landrus.

By This Professor

How Science Shapes Science Fiction
How Science Shapes Science Fiction


Science and Fiction! The Wayfarers Series

01: Science and Fiction! The Wayfarers Series

Begin your journey into the heart of how science shapes science fiction with a look at the world created by Becky Chambers in her galaxy-spanning Wayfarers book series. As you examine the “meta-question” of how authors decide to use science in their stories, you will zero in on four specific scientific ideas and how they utilize principles that are both real and imagined when creating a believable and engaging story.

33 min
Cheating the Science: Protector

02: Cheating the Science: Protector

Our understanding of science changes all the time. How do writers use science to help build their stories while also keeping these stories from becoming immediately dated or unbelievable? They cheat. Using Larry Niven’s novel Protector, as well as several other books by Niven and other sci-fi authors, Professor Adler demonstrates how writers can simplify and bend scientific ideas like evolution for the sake of narrative.

32 min
Prediction: From the Earth to the Moon

03: Prediction: From the Earth to the Moon

Turn now to Jules Verne, considered the progenitor of “hard” science fiction stories. As you look at one of the earliest literary excursions into science fiction and what it gets right about launching spacecraft, consider whether sci-fi can predict the future. Along the way, you will also look closely at how stories can use science in ways that are hopeful and adventurous, as well as realistic and informative.

33 min
World-Building in The Left Hand of Darkness

04: World-Building in The Left Hand of Darkness

How do writers build fictional worlds that feel real, especially when a world is a completely different planet from our own? In this lecture, go on a scientific tour of two constructed worlds: the planet Gethen, from Ursula K. Le Guin’s novel The Left Hand of Darkness, and Sukien, a world Professor Adler himself created for a Japanese television series. Look at the ways sci-fi writers pick and choose the science that makes these worlds work in fiction.

28 min
Advanced World-Building in Avatar

05: Advanced World-Building in Avatar

In this second lecture on worldbuilding, look at the habitable moon Pandora from James Cameron’s blockbuster film Avatar. What kind of astronomical conditions must exist to allow a moon to develop an ecosystem similar to that of a planet? Dive into the science that supports the lush, exotic world of Pandora and its inhabitants and consider the possibility of such places in our universe.

30 min
Action and Reaction in The Avengers

06: Action and Reaction in The Avengers

Superheroes have their own special niche in science fiction. Dissect the reality that underlies the physics-defying powers of comic book heroes. How does Iron Man’s suit work? Could a shield like Captain America’s iconic accessory really exist? What conditions could allow a hero like The Flash to run on water? Look closely at the science of superhero cinema to answer these questions and more.

30 min
Space Travel and 2001: A Space Odyssey

07: Space Travel and 2001: A Space Odyssey

Space travel may be the single most common feature of science fiction, but not every story treats the science the same way. Here, you will see why the space travel depicted in the Stanley Kubrick film 2001: A Space Odyssey has stood the test of time and is still among the best portrayals in the genre. Explore four aspects of space flight through the lens of this sci-fi classic.

28 min
Interplanetary Travel and The Martian

08: Interplanetary Travel and The Martian

Could humans travel to Mars and survive there? This hypothetical scenario is the premise of the successful novel and film The Martian. Look closer at the story of Mark Watney’s lone survival on the Red Planet and see how it raises numerous scientific questions about travel from Earth to other worlds, and how we would create a livable environment on a planet so unlike our own.

28 min
Space Battles and Energy Weapons: Star Wars

09: Space Battles and Energy Weapons: Star Wars

Space battles and interstellar warfare make a lot of appearances in science fiction. While no battles have actually happened in space in the real world, the Star Wars films present some fascinating hypotheticals about orbital mechanics, laser technology, space debris, and more. Consider the real science behind the classic battles that have come to define these iconic films.

35 min
Advanced Rocket Systems in Star Trek

10: Advanced Rocket Systems in Star Trek

A definitive science fiction series, Star Trek offers many scientific and technological ideas to explore. In this lecture, take a closer look at propulsion systems that may (or may not) be possible in the far future by digging into the science behind space travel experiments in the 20th and 21st centuries, including various forms of atomic power.

31 min
Relativity and Time for the Stars

11: Relativity and Time for the Stars

Traveling to distant planets raises questions about time and relativity, which is what you will examine through Robert Heinlein’s 1956 novel Time for the Stars. Dive into the history of Einstein’s revolutionary theory and how it has been interpreted—and misinterpreted—by science fiction writers for decades. And learn why even the mistakes sci-fi writers make can help us better understand science.

27 min
Black Holes, Wormholes, and Interstellar

12: Black Holes, Wormholes, and Interstellar

Another common scientific feature of many sci-fi stories are black holes and wormholes. As we continue to speculate and learn more about the nature of these mysterious phenomena in the real world, see how films like Interstellar offer a fascinating glimpse into the possibilities—while also offering an example of when an extreme focus on science can actually be hazardous to good storytelling.

26 min
Time Travel and Doctor Who

13: Time Travel and Doctor Who

Dive into the concept of time travel with one of the longest-running science fiction television series in history: the British phenomenon, Doctor Who. Through the fan-favorite episode “Blink,” explore the nature of time and it’s 4th-dimensional relationship to physical space, consider the many paradoxes of time travel, and think about whether time machines are even possible at all.

29 min
Teleportation and Star Trek

14: Teleportation and Star Trek

Take another look at Star Trek, this time with a focus on teleportation and transporter technology. While transporter technology was first introduced in the series to cut filming costs, it raises interesting scientific questions. Can matter be instantaneously moved across long distances? What are the risks of human teleportation? Is the modern 3-D printer a real-life version of the matter replicator?

29 min
Cyberspace and the Singularity: Neuromancer

15: Cyberspace and the Singularity: Neuromancer

Robots and artificial intelligence have been part of science fiction for over 100 years, though in reality we are still far away from meeting truly sentient machines. Consider the robotic characters featured in properties like Star Wars and Star Trek as you explore consciousness and the possibilities of the computerized future in William Gibson’s cyberpunk novel Neuromancer.

28 min
Steampunk Science and Leviathan

16: Steampunk Science and Leviathan

There are a number of subgenres within science fiction with their own distinct styles and intents. One distinct subgenre is steampunk, which is defined by its historical time period and focus on rethinking the science of the past. Through Scott Westerfeld’s novel Leviathan and other steampunk stories, Professor Adler explores the retro-scientific possibilities of genetic engineering, giant mechanical vehicles, and early computing technology.

27 min
Design Your Own Dragon: Game of Thrones

17: Design Your Own Dragon: Game of Thrones

Science fiction writers don’t just build worlds that are different from our own; many also design unique creatures to populate those worlds. Look at the intersection of biology and physics as you explore dragons in fictional stories like Game of Thrones. As you will see, there is probably a reason most stories featuring dragons are considered fantasy rather than science fiction.

28 min
Planetary Ecology in Dune

18: Planetary Ecology in Dune

Ecology is a particularly complex science to get right in fiction. Turn to Frank Herbert’s classic Dune to see how writers can use scientific principles to create entire ecosystems—and how they decide what science to highlight and what to ignore. Along the way, look at major real-world ecological projects and controversial theories that have influenced sci-fi.

28 min
Extraterrestrial Intelligence and Contact

19: Extraterrestrial Intelligence and Contact

Carl Sagan is the rare sci-fi creator who is more famous for being a science educator than a fiction writer. As you will learn, his extensive background in science not only allowed him to portray interstellar communication theories with accuracy in his novel Contact, but his work also influenced real-world research. Explore the possibilities of communication with alien species and why a lot of scientists believe we are not alone in the universe.

30 min
UFOs, ESP, and The X-Files

20: UFOs, ESP, and The X-Files

The long-running television show The X-Files explored a host of conspiracy theories and scientific mysteries. In this lecture, you will examine two popular topics the show tackled over the course of its nine-season run: UFOs and “superhuman” abilities like ESP. While the show was great at using these mysterious phenomena to tell thrilling stories, much of the science may be unreliable at best.

28 min
Social Sciences and the Foundation Series

21: Social Sciences and the Foundation Series

The social sciences play a huge role in any good science fiction story. Here, dive into the Foundation series by Isaac Asimov and explore how anthropology, sociology, history, and other subjects shape how worlds are created in science fiction. Along the way, you’ll also look at sociology in other influential stories and see what chaos theory has to say about predicting the future.

29 min
Designed Languages and Arrival

22: Designed Languages and Arrival

Dive into the science of linguistics and language creation through the film Arrival, as well as other notable stories, through which Professor Adler explains the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis and the relationship of language to time and our perception of reality itself. Do we shape language or does language shape us? As you contemplate this question and other mysteries, you will also look at the challenges of creating fictional languages.

31 min
Cosmology, the Mind, and Star Maker

23: Cosmology, the Mind, and Star Maker

Many science fiction stories are told from the perspective of a few key characters. In this lecture, the scope widens astronomically as you consider Olaf Stapledon’s influential 1937 novel Star Maker and how it manages to tell a story that encompasses a cosmic scale in terms of both time and space. Examine the different scales of potential civilizations in the universe and consider the possibilities presented by both scientists and storytellers.

30 min
Science Fiction’s Purpose: Childhood’s End

24: Science Fiction’s Purpose: Childhood’s End

Arthur C. Clarke’s novel Childhood’s End brings this course to its fitting conclusion with a consideration of science fiction as a genre with limitless potential to explore some of our biggest questions. As you will learn, these questions are often scientific, but they are also much bigger than anything we can tackle with a mathematical formula or technological advancement alone. Ultimately, science fiction has the same goals as any other art: to explore the human condition through fiction.

30 min