Sci-Phi: Science Fiction as Philosophy

Rated 5 out of 5 by from Absolutely Brilliant, and just a Bit Mental The name itself should be a clue at how outrageously entertaining yet educational this series is. Geeky gold without a doubt, and I just can't stop watching through the lectures. David's a genius at the way he tackles complex questions, and makes them accessible to a wide audience. Thank you!!
Date published: 2020-10-14
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Mind blowing..really made me think - really made me think - the professor was had a wealth of knowledge I would like to more courses by him
Date published: 2020-07-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Smart, fun, and challenging I loved this course and would recommend to anyone interested in the intersections between the Big Questions and their favourite sci-fi tv shows and films.
Date published: 2020-06-15
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Biased Johnson's anti-religious bias is obvious. He is a good speaker, but he is clearly pushing an agenda. A debate with him might be fun, a chance to discuss his views, but a one-sided lecture with misunderstandings and mistaken assertions is a waste of time. If you are an atheist and simply want your views confirmed, you might enjoy this. Otherwise stay away. I am returning mine.
Date published: 2020-06-14
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Science Fiction as Philosophy I bought this course a while back. Let me first say, I didn't realize that it was all audio when I purchased it. However, I did listen to some of it and didn't enjoy it. I found it boring. I'm more of a visual person so others that prefer courses strictly audio may like the format but I do not.
Date published: 2020-06-02
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Love the homework Homework assignments are sci fi movies and sci fi tv series. I've never been so enthusiastic about such independent learning. The lectures connect philosophy to these homework assignments and give the student a whole new perspective. This course is a must for those who want to explore sci fi beyond entertainment.
Date published: 2020-05-28
Rated 3 out of 5 by from In Defense of Starship Troopers I think it would have been better if the course covered Sci-Fi novels in addition to just movies and TV, but there was some good stuff in this course to be sure - especially in the first half. However, the professor couldn't keep his political biases out of it. He makes questionable claims in several lectures but in the Starship Troopers lecture he completely misrepresents the material to the point that I feel the need to defend it. It is a commonly charged that Starship Troopers is pro-fascist. While it certainly presents a vision of the future that is (and should be) controversial, it's actually rather difficult to find any real fascism in Heinlan's Terran Federation. People are not compelled to serve the state in this society, there isn't even a draft!. In fact, the main character's father (in both the film and book) openly discourages his son from joining the military and criticized without fear of repercussions. In the book, the characters are ethnically diverse, with the main character (Juan "Johnnie" Rico) being Filipino - and this was published in 1959! The most controversial parts of the book are probably: 1) the idea that the right to vote or hold public office should be earned through a demonstration of civic virtue (specifically through volunteering two years of military service) 2) the promotion of corporal punishment and 3) the strident language uses to communicate its philosophy. I'm not a fan of corporal punishment or the military but this is hardly equivalent to a serious definition of fascism. And I for one find it irresponsible and disrespectful to the millions who were killed and are still being killed by fascist regimes to suggest such an equivalence. To be fair, this course exclusively followed the movies and TV programs and the director of the film - Paul Verhoeven - was openly hostile to the source material, even calling it a "fascist book". Of course, by Verhoeven's own admission he never finished reading it so how would he know? Based on the movie, he doesn't even seem to know what actual fascism would look like. Within the world of the film the news media appears to have unfettered access to military operations - even being able to live broadcast the failed invasion of the planet Klendathu. When the invasion failed, the Sky Marshal in charge publicly took full responsibility and peacefully stepped down in favor of a new Sky Marshal with a new approach (who is a black woman by the way). Can you imagine Hitler peacefully stepping down after Stalingrad or even the people of Nazi Germany getting an unfiltered live stream of a military disaster? The Terran Federation of the film doesn't seem especially fascist to me either. I don't think Verhoeven was really lampooning fascism in this movie as much as the excesses of Americans' tough guy talk and jingoism when it comes to war. Worthy of criticism to be sure, but not actual fascism. I can understand why the average person who doesn't know anything else about Starship Troopers might take the director's words at face value though. The professor, however, is presenting himself as an expert and has not only repeated the charge of fascism, he even makes false claims about the events of the movie to fit his points. The film is discussed in the context of just war theory. The professor claims that the war by the Federation against the arachnids was not a just war because the Terran Federation had a disproportionate response and the arachnids didn't have space travel - making them not a real threat. Let's review the events of the movie leading up to war: 1) Mormon extremists ignore Federation warnings and try to colonize a planet in the arachnid "quarantine zone". 2) Arachnids who are also colonizing the planet (thus proving they have space travel) kill all the mormon colonists. 3) The Federation reports on this - in context - and does nothing. 4) The Arachnids send a weapon of mass destruction in the form of a meteor to destroy an entire city on Earth. So who took this to a genocidal place with a disproportionate response again? Sounds like a just war for the survival of the human race to me. It's a shame that the movie did not treat the book with the respect it deserved, and it's a double shame that this course didn't take either seriously, because Starship Troopers is actually is a deeply philosophical book that is worth discussing. I would have thought that a lecture about Starship Troopers would have focused on theories about the rights and responsibilities of citizenship, not get shoehorned into a discussion about just war theory in a way that makes no sense. I realize that this is rather scathing but the way Starship Troopers is treated in this course really got on my nerves and had a big impact on my enjoyment of the product. Treat it seriously or not at all. At the very least, don't misrepresent it. It's perfectly okay to disagree with the earned citizenship model presented in Starship Troopers but the accusations of fascism sound more like accusations of blasphemy to my ear than a serious evaluation of the ideas. All that being said, I did really enjoy most of this course and if you are interested in seeing how philosophical ideas can be seen in pop science fiction media it's probably still worth checking out.
Date published: 2020-04-18
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Ask yourself and live long and prosper A very nice course I enjoyed doing the homework: watching good science-fiction movies and/or episodes of Star Trek or Dr Who. And asking myself very meaningful questions.
Date published: 2020-04-07
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Sci-Phi: Science Fiction as Philosophy
Course Trailer
Inception and the Interpretation of Art
1: Inception and the Interpretation of Art

Begin your journey with a look at why science fiction is one of the primary ways contemporary society engages with philosophical issues. Get an overview of the kinds of sci-fi media you will explore throughout the course and explore how you will address the interpretation of art with a look at the film Inception.

34 min
The Matrix and the Value of Knowledge
2: The Matrix and the Value of Knowledge

Which will you choose, the red pill or the blue? Look at different ideas concerning truth, knowledge, and reality through the film The Matrix, from Plato’s definition of knowledge to the theories of Jean Baudrillard. Also, grasp the important distinctions between epistemology and metaphysics.

33 min
The Matrix Sequels and Human Free Will
3: The Matrix Sequels and Human Free Will

Though panned by critics and science fiction fans alike, upon first release, the two sequels that followed The Matrix—Reloaded and Revolutions, respectively—provide surprisingly fertile ground for philosophical investigation surrounding the existence of free will. Compare multiple theories and see whether these oft-derided films can offer any answers.

34 min
The Adjustment Bureau, the Force, and Fate
4: The Adjustment Bureau, the Force, and Fate

Explore the concept of individual fate through the film The Adjustment Bureau and the larger concept of universal fate in Star Wars. Along the way, take a look at the ways conspiracy theories and supernatural claims invoke “fate” to explain real-world happenings and how philosophers handle these “explanations.”

32 min
Contact: Science versus Religion
5: Contact: Science versus Religion

Science communicator Carl Sagan believed science and religion could be compatible. But does Contact, the film based on his novel, prove his point or undermine it? Probe the many ways humans use personal experience to justify belief and whether or not such experiences can justify belief in the face of contrary scientific evidence.

34 min
Arrival: Aliens and Radical Translation
6: Arrival: Aliens and Radical Translation

See how the 2016 film Arrival can help you examine the three questions that arise when discussing the possibility of alien life in the universe: How likely would a visitation be? What effect on society would it have? And, particularly pertinent to the film, would we be able to communicate with them once they’re here?

34 min
Interstellar: Is Time Travel Possible?
7: Interstellar: Is Time Travel Possible?

This lecture will take a look at what metaphysics has to say about the possibility of time travel, focusing primarily on the film Interstellar. Along the way, you will also look at other influential time travel stories and the various theories they represent, like Back to the Future, Quantum Leap, Star Trek, Doctor Who, and Planet of the Apes.

34 min
Doctor Who and Time Travel Paradoxes
8: Doctor Who and Time Travel Paradoxes

Open with a look at a fan-favorite episode of Doctor Who and explore the nature of paradoxes in time travel. You will also see that science fiction doesn’t always have to take itself seriously to tell a great story—or to explore fascinating philosophical questions—when you turn your attention to the Futurama episode “Roswell That Ends Well.”

35 min
Star Trek: TNG and Alternate Worlds
9: Star Trek: TNG and Alternate Worlds

What can quantum mechanics tell us about the likelihood of alternate worlds? Explore the multiverse theory with Lieutenant Worf in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode “Parallels” and see how science could support the idea of multiple worlds, while also grappling with the seeming untestable nature of such a theory.

33 min
Dark City, Dollhouse, and Personal Identity
10: Dark City, Dollhouse, and Personal Identity

The nature of personal identity is tied to numerous philosophical concerns: memory, consciousness, even the possibility of an afterlife. With films like Dark City and Moon and TV shows like Dollhouse, Professor Johnson guides you through the theories of great thinkers like Descartes, Locke, Leibniz, and their intellectual descendants.

36 min
Westworld and A.I. Artificial Intelligence
11: Westworld and A.I. Artificial Intelligence

Sentient machines have been a staple of sci-fi for decades. Although here you will focus on a few key stories, you will also take a look at the long history of intelligent machines in film and TV—as well as get a glimpse into our very possible future—examining the ways we conceive of the mind and the implications of artificial intelligence. Machines can calculate, but could they one day be sentient?

36 min
Transcendence and the Dangers of AI
12: Transcendence and the Dangers of AI

Science fiction has always been fascinated by the possibilities of artificial intelligence, with many storytellers focusing on the dangers of sentient machines. But human predictions of the future are often inaccurate, so here you will explore arguments both for and against the creation of AI through the film Transcendence, as well as through other iconic stories.

35 min
The Thirteenth Floor: Are We Simulated?
13: The Thirteenth Floor: Are We Simulated?

What is the likelihood that we are living in a simulated world right now? Some philosophers, using laws of subjective probability, would say it may actually be much higher than you might think. Examine the film The Thirteenth Floor and understand how creating a convincing simulated world could alter our conception of reality itself.

33 min
The Orville, Orwell, and the "Black Mirror"
14: The Orville, Orwell, and the "Black Mirror"

The pervasive influence of social media makes life feel more performative than ever, yet it really just demonstrates an old dilemma heightened by new technology. Here, see how the anthology show Black Mirror and the Star Trek-influenced series The Orville offer episodes that examine extreme cases of objectification and mob mentality. Also, look back on a pre-internet example in George Orwell’s much-adapted Nineteen Eighty-Four.

34 min
Star Wars: Good versus Evil
15: Star Wars: Good versus Evil

The original Star Wars trilogy is not morally ambiguous, but many other entries in the franchise present complicated gray areas when it comes to good versus evil. Professor Johnson demonstrates how the 21st-century films in the series, especially Rogue One, create a more complicated view of morality—and what Nietzsche can tell us about space politics.

33 min
Firefly, Blake’s 7, and Political Rebellion
16: Firefly, Blake’s 7, and Political Rebellion

Many science fiction stories revolve around scrappy, sympathetic rebels and the overthrow of oppressive government powers. Here, look at how two series—Blake’s 7 and Firefly—take similar approaches to the experience of political oppression and individual defiance. Consider the implications of dissent within society and contemplate the perpetual dilemma of balancing freedom and social order.

34 min
Starship Troopers, Doctor Who, and Just War
17: Starship Troopers, Doctor Who, and Just War

From the overt (though satirical) militarism of Starship Troopers to the pacifism of the Doctor, examine how societies view war and the ways we are (or are not) able to justify it. As you compare and contrast two very different ways of confronting violence, you will also look at the middle ground via Just War Theory and ponder the difficulties of preserving life while sometimes having to cause harm.

35 min
The Prime Directive and Postcolonialism
18: The Prime Directive and Postcolonialism

What can science fiction tell us about the dangers of colonialism and moral relativism? Take a look at the Prime Directive—the rules that are supposed to prevent interference in other cultures—and the ethical ramifications of imposing one society’s values on another, as you plunge into several episodes from different iterations of Star Trek, including the classic series of the 1960s, The Next Generation, and Enterprise.

33 min
Capitalism in Metropolis, Elysium, and Panem
19: Capitalism in Metropolis, Elysium, and Panem

Capitalism is an economic philosophy as much as it is a practical system and, while it has many benefits, the capitalist system also has its share of pitfalls and ethical quandaries. Looking at the dystopian visions of the sci-fi films Metropolis, Elysium, and The Hunger Games, you will dive into the issue of balance and understand why an unregulated free market is a recipe for inequality.

34 min
Snowpiercer and Climate Change
20: Snowpiercer and Climate Change

Open this lecture with a look at how and why we get scientific information from experts (or don’t) and why what we should conclude about climate change is as much of a philosophical issue as it is a scientific one. Then, through the film Snowpiercer, take a look at how a lukewarm approach to pressing issues can create narratives of false security and cast doubt on real dangers that will have consequences for the fate of humanity.

36 min
Soylent Green: Overpopulation and Euthanasia
21: Soylent Green: Overpopulation and Euthanasia

When is it acceptable to end your own life? With the rising threat of overpopulation on Earth in the future, see what the 1970s film Soylent Green offers as a solution to dwindling space and resources. Also, consider other ways societies, in both science fiction and the real world, tackle the moral issues of euthanasia (both self-chosen and coerced) and population control.

34 min
Gattaca and the Ethics of Reproduction
22: Gattaca and the Ethics of Reproduction

Dive into the ethical questions of “designer babies,” genetic manipulation, and human evolution at the heart of the movie Gattaca, a film which NASA once considered one of the most plausible sci-fi films ever made. Then, turn your attention to a similar issue as you explore the philosophical and scientific ins and outs of cloning, via the Canadian TV show Orphan Black.

32 min
The Handmaid’s Tale: Feminism and Religion
23: The Handmaid’s Tale: Feminism and Religion

The television adaptation of Margaret Atwood’s novel The Handmaid’s Tale offers a grim vision of a future in which religious fanaticism reshapes the United States into a misogynist totalitarian state. Professor Johnson provides a brief overview of the meaning(s) and different stages of feminism in the 20th century and examines what the disenfranchisement of women says about the uses and abuses of power.

36 min
Kubrick’s 2001 and Nietzsche’s Ubermensch
24: Kubrick’s 2001 and Nietzsche’s Ubermensch

Analyze one of the most famous—and possibly weirdest—sci-fi films of all time: 2001: A Space Odyssey. Consider the imagery and ideas of Kubrick’s vision and determine whether, as some suggest, it reflects the concept of Friedrich Nietzsche’s Übermensch. Close with a brief glimpse of the science fiction worlds still waiting for you to explore them.

38 min
David K. Johnson

We can always take comfort in the fact that we can find and do embrace answers to metaphysical questions.

ALMA MATER

University of Oklahoma

INSTITUTION

King's College

About David K. Johnson

Dr. David Kyle Johnson is Associate Professor of Philosophy at King's College in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. He earned a master's degree and doctorate in philosophy from the University of Oklahoma.

At Oklahoma, he won the coveted Kenneth Merrill Graduate Teaching Award. In 2011, the American Philosophical Association's committee on public philosophy gave him an award for his ability to make philosophy accessible to the general public.

Professor Johnson regularly teaches classes on metaphysics, philosophy of religion, philosophy of mind, and logic, as well as courses on critical thinking and scientific reasoning. He has published papers on human freedom, the problem of natural evil, the multiverse, the existence of souls, and many related topics in such journals as Religious Studies, Sophia, Philo, Philosophy and Literature, and Think. He also maintains two blogs for Psychology Today.

Professor Johnson also publishes prolifically on the intersection of pop culture and philosophy. One of his books, Inception and Philosophy: Because It's Never Just a Dream, inspired an authors@Google talk with more than half-a-million YouTube views. He also has written numerous articles that explore the relationship between philosophical questions and such pop cultural phenomena as The Hobbit, Doctor Who, Batman, South Park, Johnny Cash, Quentin Tarantino, and Christmas.

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