The Real History of Secret Societies

Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great historical info I enjoyed both the breadth of historical information provided, and the professor’s presentation of the material. I’d watch it again.
Date published: 2020-11-19
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Disgraceful! This course is not worthy of The Great Courses. It is full of innuendo and nutjob conspiracy theories, something especially dangerous in these times when credulous people buy into the disinformation of QAnon and its ilk. I was hoping to have a disinterested history of groups like the Masons, but that never came (though the Masons were implicated in a lot of history's odder moments). A great disappointment.
Date published: 2020-11-03
Rated 5 out of 5 by from The relevance is no secret! I am nearing the half-way point through the sessions and in the context of the political and societal upheaval that seems to be sweeping the United States, relating to the coming election, and possible riots that could result, one of the threats to stability and peace has been a secret society of a kind responsible for looting and rioting across the country, Antifa, or other militant groups concealing their identities. Not only are they secretive, they wear masks, and shoot down relatively peaceful citizens in the street. The importance of the subject addressed in the course cannot be overestimated. Though some may argue the repetitive nature of the content may be disturbing, the realization of the disturbing impact across history is not less than earthshaking. I have encountered those who were reported to be members of secret societies across all strata of society. Some appeared to instigate work discrimination, others appeared to instigate religious discrimination against Christian groups, split churches, or targeted particular people. To see the impact of secret societies upon society in my own life time alone is throttling. It may not be for light reading, or presentation, but surely is relevant. It is scary to hear how deleterious they have been to the world. No wonder they have been labeled at times as devils, and banned. The evidence of the impact of secret societies is seen in archaeology, and anthropology, and I could be wrong, but I think in organized crime. To understand world history the course may be a "must see."
Date published: 2020-10-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Best course I've taken so far I just finished this course. It's the best one I've watched so far on Great Courses. The instructor's droll sense of humor combined with his thorough subject knowledge make this great fun to follow along. It's well structured for picking up and watching one or two and then leaving it for a while, since each lecture tends to stand alone quite well.
Date published: 2020-09-27
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Very few conclusions were drawn in each lecture - mainly they were lists of names and activities.
Date published: 2020-09-14
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Repeatative The course was mildly disappointing. Professor Spence seemed to be very knowledgeable in the topic. But frankly did not convey, or share the more important aspects of his understanding. After the first few secret societies were introduced and discussed, a standard pattern emerged. The primary differences in the various societies seemed limited to their name and founder. After that they soon started sounding interchangeable. The societies secret rites, signs, punishments and internal working were presented briefly. Did they all use the same oaths, et al or was there a uniqueness in each group. The internal functioning, and rites of membership were almost never discussed. There was almost no delving into the intricacies of the society itself. The discussion was essentially limited to the groups interrelationship to society in general terms. For the most part, the lectures were about the various identified societies relationship to society as a whole, not the inner workings of the society itself. It soon became very repetitive, and boring.
Date published: 2020-09-13
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Started well but fell short I was interested at first but as the lectures progressed it became more about listing people that supposedly were members of different societies, while not really talking about how the societies operated and what their main goals were/are. It went from only asserting a few major figures were linked to some societies to late asserting everyone was part of some sort of society or even many of them without offering much evidence as whether someone was a member of a society. There is a lot of We know Person A was a Mason, and because he was seen at the same park as Person B one time, therefore Person B was also a Mason. There is some value in getting to know a tiny bit of more obscure societies and parallels with historical events but for me it fell short of really connecting the dots. If there are really any dots to connect.
Date published: 2020-08-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Enjoyable as well as informative While I have yet to view all the lessons, I have viewed about 3/4 of them. This is enough to say this course is really fun as well as thought-provoking. This highlights how these sorts of groups have been influential for centuries, and still are.
Date published: 2020-07-26
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Very informative I found this to be a fantastic series of information on many secret societies I have heard of and even more I have not. I have not finished the DVD's yet, but I don't think they cover Skull and Bones, but I may be wrong.
Date published: 2020-07-20
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Scary Fabulous We are burning through these lectures. Good grief, they are horrifying and yet explain so much about how a few people can affect our collective history. The narrator has the most lovely voice too, mesmerizing and inspiring respect.
Date published: 2020-07-13
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Watch it I'm only a few lectures in and I am hooked. Now this is not science; it is social science, therefore there is only so much that is known and recorded. there is a lot of conjecture and unknowns, but the whole subject is absolutely riveting. If you can handle a course with intrigue and few definitive conclusions, this is it!
Date published: 2020-06-20
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Fairly good, but could be improved I am of two minds about this course: on one hand, it is a wide-ranging review of a little-known subject, which is inherently interesting. After all, who isn’t lured in by the prospect of being privy to a secret? On the other, it suffers from problems with the production that take a lot of the enjoyment away from the subject. Dr. Spence relies on dramatic tropes which, used sparingly, could be more effective; but he falls back on then so often it becomes “oh, please – not again.” Case in point: very many lectures begin with “On [this date] at [this time], {this person/group] did [this thing] that changed the course of…” and conclude with “and so the [name of secret society] faded out of existence… or DID it?” That, the dramatic lighting, the soft ominous music that rises from time to time, and a host of other dramatic devices just get in the way. Dr. Spence seems keen on describing the relationships between members of affiliated secret societies. It’s a worthwhile aim, but too many lectures deteriorate into a rapid-fire recitation of names/relationships – some of which do not appear anywhere else in the course – and it becomes difficult to follow. My thought: if it’s really necessary to trace these relationships to make a point, then let’s have a graphic on the screen – sort of a genealogy chart of relationships. Similarly, if we need to hear about a character from a previous lecture, could we hear a reminder like “you’ll remember him from the lecture on Hitler and the Thule Society” (plus some graphic on the screen). On the positive side, there’s a wealth of interesting and entertaining information that was new to me. The lecture “Debunking the Elders of Zion” alone was worth the price of the course. Seeing the same characters pop up in a variety of lectures (Aleister Crowley, for example) paints a fascinating psychological profile of those who are drawn to secret societies. I’ll give four stars for the course content (and five for the marketing that convinced me to buy it), but two stars for the production and presentation. They’re long on dramatic flair but way short on supporting the content.
Date published: 2020-06-16
Rated 2 out of 5 by from This series is far below the usual quality from this company. I should have known it would be sensationalized and based on supposition when it came with the History Channel logo. I am used to getting courses that are based on solid research and good judgment from the best professors even for off-beat topics, but it seems like that is no longer a guarantee from this company.
Date published: 2020-06-15
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great courses.....terrific people to work with.... We are so happy with great are missing out....give them a will agree!!!!!
Date published: 2020-06-09
Rated 5 out of 5 by from The Real History of Secret Societies I thoroughly enjoyed this CD Course. The Professor presenting the course was very entertaining. I did learn a lot about secret societies and the kind of men who join them and I found it interesting that some of the individuals belonged to several societies and knew individuals in other societies.
Date published: 2020-06-09
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Exactly what I wanted. This course is really fabulous! Chock full of reliable detail and stunning connections to the distant past and current conditions. I love it.
Date published: 2020-06-01
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Tough to follow The professor obviously knows his subject but he gave so much information and names I became difficult to follow.
Date published: 2020-05-31
Rated 1 out of 5 by from The worst ever I don't know where to start with this course. It's more than worthless -- it's both preposterous and pernicious. It's a cross between those pseudo-History courses that you find while channel-surfing at 3 am and the supermarket tabloids that prove Elvis and JFK are alive on a secret Greek island. You are presented with an endless list of names and supposed links between every secret society from the Pythagoreans to the Knights Templar to the Illuminati to the Rosicruceans to, of course, the Freemasons. Its sources range from historians you've never heard of to conspiracy theorists like Alex Jones. It's full of statements like "could it be that ...?" And "some people think..." And I was surprised to learn that people like Herbert Hoover and both Presidents Bush were members of secret societies. I thought I could tough it through to the end, but when I got to the mysterious death of Antonin Scalia I had enough. And I haven't even mentioned the eerie music and the shadowy images of reenactments of knights and spies. But the worst is that when each lecture is over, I can't even remember what I've seen. I hope the Great Courses won't offer any more of such claptrap.
Date published: 2020-05-30
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Incredible information Still working on the chapters, but so far it is incredible on the history of Secret Societies, Great information and how they exist since the beginning of organized civilizations.
Date published: 2020-05-29
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Lively and fun Without becoming conspiratorial, these series of lectures hints at a story that is much bigger than what’s on offer and invites you to do your own research outside the course itself. It’s understandable that since they’re secret societies, knowledge about their inner workings would be scant. To criticise the lecturer on a lack of information regards how these organisations functioned from the ground up seems a bit unfair. So far, I have found these lectures to be lively and entertaining, not to mention eye opening in that I hadn’t realised how often these clandestine groups functioned as a hot bed of political agitation and intrigue.
Date published: 2020-05-29
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Only ok Instructor go on and on with names, names, names. I was constantly overwhelmed and confused. But very little about what the societies really stood for. After watching all the lectures I felt that I learned very little and wasted my time. Would not recommend to a friend. One of very few GC that I would say that
Date published: 2020-05-28
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Graciuosly done It is shameful to even spak of what men do in secret but this was done with a lot of class and respectability making it a good experience that did not make me want to scream at the monitor.
Date published: 2020-05-27
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Great lecturer but you really won't learn much The speaker was one of the best but the lectures start throwing around so many names and dates and inter-connected secret societies it seemed more like a genealogy course. I find the whole series quite entertaining but honestly, I don;t think I learned anything about any of the secret societies, what they really believed in, what their secrets or rituals were, etc. Good visuals though.
Date published: 2020-05-22
Rated 5 out of 5 by from My Collection! To Whom it may Concern: As a recipient of 26 different courses I have nothing but high praise. Excellently designed and explained, moderately priced, each course is worthy of my collection, and the luxury to go back and review any one of them when I needed to, that itself is priceless. Thank you for having put together such a vast variety of courses. Regards; Gabriele M. Trapani
Date published: 2020-05-19
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Entertainment, not instruction. The Real History of Secret Societies falls well below the caliber of other Great Courses I have enjoyed. Rather than detailed analysis of the precepts and organization of the societies in question, the lectures offer a stream of name-dropping and conjecture which one associates more with cable television. Moreover, the narrative is delivered with a rapidity that can seem intended to obscure the incoherence of the material. Not for the seriously curious.
Date published: 2020-05-18
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Terrible course! This course reminds me of something one might read in the National Enquirer! I cannot believe this course is offered by The Great Courses.
Date published: 2020-05-11
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Good history I liked the subjects but I seem to detect a biased view of Masonry. The bad is offered at every opportunity. The good is rarely mentioned. The so called secrets are available , being put in the Congressional Record by a disgruntled Mason. I stoill enjoyed the history of secret societies.
Date published: 2020-05-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Impressive handling of difficult topics I started watching this with a lot of trepidation - this subject is ripe for either tedium or cranks. I was happy to instead find sophisticated, nuanced history. Professor Spence gives each topic a deep discussion, well-rooted in its specific history - whether that be the Shi'ite sectarian splits that led to the Assassins, the elaborate machinations behind the American, French, and Russian revolutions, the role of mystery cults in Roman society and their influence on Christianity, or the outright flim-flammery behind mass-market "secret societies" in the 20th-century US. Several of these overlap enough with my own scholarly background (my studies in graduate school about the Late Antique and Early Medieval Mediterranean world) that I could recognize him hitting on numerous very subtle, rarely-discussed, but critical points. (The influence of Eleusinian cult and Mithraism on Christianity's political rise, for example) All of this is provided in engaging and well-spoken lectures, and it's a real pleasure to listen to it. I'm quite impressed.
Date published: 2020-05-03
Rated 2 out of 5 by from Talking Head This course has good content, but is difficult to watch due to the presenter's lack of movement and inability to follow the camera(s) as he appears to be reading a script off camera. It would probably work better as an audio only, even though that would mean giving up some of the visuals he places on screen.
Date published: 2020-04-25
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Secrets, you bet Pretty good, could help with some info, but guess what, my throat would be cut... like ripples in a pond , each organization used and altered as needed for someone's agenda, to gain advantage and prestige, oh the human ego.
Date published: 2020-04-23
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The Real History of Secret Societies
Course Trailer
Small-Town Secrets
1: Small-Town Secrets

Get a brief introduction to the realm of secret societies you will study throughout the course, seen through the personal experience of Professor Spence in his home town of Taft, California. Often demonized by their enemies and misunderstood by outsiders, many secret societies have become the stuff of myths and conspiracy theories.

5 min
Secret Societies: The Underworld of History
2: Secret Societies: The Underworld of History

Meet Willa Rhoads. She was 16 when she died. Her body was discovered in October 1929—five years after her death—which opened the door to a public awareness of the Divine Order of the Royal Arms of the Great Eleven, also known as the Blackburn Cult. Professor Spence intentionally opens his course with an obscure story to introduce you to the idea that secret societies come in many forms and operate under many names.

25 min
The Knights Templar
3: The Knights Templar

Uncover the story behind The Knights Templar—a military monastic founded two centuries earlier, during the Crusades who persevered through time to become the subject of so much rumor, speculation, and outright fantasy that it’s almost impossible to separate fact from fiction. Are they guardians for a holy bloodline reaching back to Jesus and Mary Magdalene or are they secret devil worshippers? Are they connected to the heretical Islamic sect known as the Assassins or the Jewish mystics known as Kabbalists?

31 min
Masonic Revolutions in America and France
4: Masonic Revolutions in America and France

Secret societies do often work behind the scenes to change the world, although not often in the way the stories claim. Professor Spence looks at the secret societies behind the Boston Tea Party and Bastille Day. Understand the part that the Sons of Liberty, the Society of the Friends of the Constitution (the Jacobins), the Grand Orient Lodge, the Nine Sisters Lodge, and other groups played in these important revolutions and see how famous names such as Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson, Samuel Adams, and additional founding fathers were involved with these—and other—secret groups.

32 min
Bolsheviks, Masons, and Russian Revolution
5: Bolsheviks, Masons, and Russian Revolution

Were the Bolsheviks a political movement or a secret society? Dive into this question as you survey the rich history of governmental secret societies who combated revolutionary conspiracies with their own conspiracies. You will gain a vivid appreciation for the allure of the elite, and the power of conspiracy, showing that history is made not by the inactive majority but by active minorities—including Trotsky, Lenin, Kaplan, and others. And you’ll see that there is no better active minority than a well-oiled secret society.

31 min
Adolf Hitler and the Thule Society
6: Adolf Hitler and the Thule Society

Start with the history of the smaller secret societies that were popping up all over Germany at the end of the 19th century. Then look at how the larger societies and individuals, which have already been covered in this course, will weave through the background of Hitler's rise to power. Then explore the role that secret societies played, or might have played, in Hitler's rise; how they influenced his beliefs; and how the Nazi leader came to embrace secret-society methods for his own purposes.

32 min
Synarchy, Schemers, and Vichy France
7: Synarchy, Schemers, and Vichy France

The 1930s has been called “a low, dishonest decade.” It saw economic crisis, the rise of Hitler, Stalinist terror, and the general decline of democracy. Were the events coincidence or consequences? Was there a hidden hand at work undermining democratic institutions and encouraging dictatorship? And was this hidden hand something called Synarchy? Dive into the movements and events that have been tied back to various Synarchy ideas and see how it may have bled over into America with the so-called Business Plot of 1934.

31 min
Ancient Mystery Cults
8: Ancient Mystery Cults

Travel back to Ancient Greece to hear what we do know of The Eleusinian Mysteries—which are among the most ancient and prestigious of the Greco-Roman world and were guarded on pain of death. This first secret society—which had endured for almost 2,000 years, and counted among its members the likes of Socrates, Plato, Plutarch, and Cicero—ceased to exist. Or did it? After reviewing the history of the Great Mysteries of 391, Professor Spence considers if secret societies ever die or if they just change into something else.

32 min
The Islamic Assassins
9: The Islamic Assassins

Travel to a historic empire that stretched from Anatolia to Central Asia as you get to know The Assassins, who’s roots reach back at least as far as the beginning of Islam in the 7th century. This invisible empire was led by Hasan-i-Sabah who called his acolytes asasiyun, “the faithful.” See how “assassin”—our generic term for professional killer, especially one who commits political murders—is linked to these asaiyun, who were notably the cause of 200 years of terrorism and murder, including a chief minister, a sultan, viziers, emirs, and even a Crusader king.

27 min
The Medieval Cathars
10: The Medieval Cathars

Professor Spence starts with the 1244 the fall of Montsegur, which most history books note as The Cathars last stand as an organized movement. Yet, as Professor Spence demonstrates, this influential group shows up over and over throughout history. The true origins of the Cathars are lost in time, yet it's clear they didn't spring from nothing. See how The Cathars inherited and adapted much older beliefs, and how they undoubtedly influenced other groups to come.

31 min
The Rosicrucians
11: The Rosicrucians

Did you know there is a secret-society theme park right in the middle of Silicon Valley? Professor Spence introduces you to The Ancient and Mystical Order of the Rosae Crucis, or Rosy Cross, or just AMORC for short. AMORC might be the first commercially marketed secret society. During the early 20th century, the mystical order’s grand imperator, H. Spencer Lewis, advertised in magazines, radio, and comics, claiming that “The Secrets Entrusted to the Few,” including skills like levitation and telepathy, could be yours for a low price and enticing the likes of Walt Disney and L. Ron Hubbard. See how this group—or more accurately, the idea of this group—wove itself throughout both history and society.

33 min
The Illuminati
12: The Illuminati

Even if you haven’t taken notice of secret societies before, you’ve heard of the Illuminati, a group so prevalent they have been satirized by Taco Bell. Explore the roots of the 28-year-old Adam Weishaupt’s secret society—the Order of Perfectibilists, which later became the Order of the Illuminati, or, in German, the Illuminatenordern: The Order of the Enlightened. Discover how Weishaupt envisioned nothing less than “A New World,” which necessitated destruction of Christianity and all other forms of religion. Professor Spence demonstrates the goals of Weishaupt’s Illuminism, the influence of the movement—even reflected in the modern-day promises of Communism, and the famous names associated with the Illuminati.

28 min
The Freemasons
13: The Freemasons

The Freemasons inspired and influenced many societies, so much so that many object to the idea that their group is secret. They don't hide their existence. However, they did popularize the idea of secrecy: adopting a clandestine set of identifying factors, ensuring their rituals and initiations are complicated and intimidating, and even having a term for outsiders or non-members. Discover the multiple evolutions and adaptions of Freemasons, which has helped to keep this group shrouded in mystery.

32 min
Ireland’s Secret War for Independence
14: Ireland’s Secret War for Independence

The Irish Republican Army was a tightly organized secret society battling the greatest power on Earth, the British empire, and, after Bloody Sunday, perhaps the best known. But they were not the first secret society to practice resistance in Ireland. Professor Spence introduces you to The Whiteboys, the Peep o’Day Boys, the Orange Order, the Sons of the Shamrock, Young Ireland, the Molly Maguires, the Ancient Order of Hibernians, and more—outlining the effect these secret societies had both on Ireland and on America as they migrated to the United States.

31 min
Debunking the Elders of Zion
15: Debunking the Elders of Zion

Professor Spence opens the door on secret society conspiracy that permeated across countries and decades, with each iteration more complicated and bizarre than the last. The Learned Elders of Zion never actually existed, but to this made-up secret society was attributed a real-life protocol to take over the world, which caused—and continues to cause—incalculable harm and religious intolerance. Discover the deceitful origins and global impact of the Protocols of the Learned Elders of Zion.

32 min
Mafia! Criminal Secret Societies
16: Mafia! Criminal Secret Societies

We are exposed to them all the time in movies, television, and novels, so do criminal gangs really qualify as secret societies? Yes: They’re selective in membership, require oaths and initiations, and members usually advance through grades or ranks. Starting with the biggest—and most feared—all-female gang in the London underworld, Professor Spence turns a spotlight on organized crime. From the early 20th century, Thuggees of India to the modern-day Mafias that have arisen in cities all over the world, you’ll get to know the seedy underbelly of society like never before.

29 min
Aleister Crowley, Occultism, and Espionage
17: Aleister Crowley, Occultism, and Espionage

Focusing on the worldwide impact of Aleister Crowley, Professor Spence highlights the murky connections between secret societies, occultism, and espionage. Credited with being “the wickedest man in the world,” the reason America joined the war, a Satanist, the “Leader of Irish Hope,” and a number of other nefarious titles, you may be surprised to see the number of world-changing events Crowley had his hands in. Although once you discover the extent of power stemming from the secret societies he was involved with, including his turn as a spy, it may not be so surprising after all.

31 min
Red Octopus: The Communist International
18: Red Octopus: The Communist International

Discover how some politically-driven secret societies have far-reaching impact, as Professor Spence dives into a period of time when America was full of Soviet espionage and clandestine communist activity. Through a number of interlinked, connected history, he demonstrates how the Communist party relied on proven secret society techniques, such as selective recruitment, rigorous discipline, and fanatical loyalty. Then note, once you start integrating secret societies inside secret societies—as the American communist party became infested with FBI informants—they can quickly wither to insignificance.

31 min
Japan’s Black and Green Dragons
19: Japan’s Black and Green Dragons

The 1942 fictional Bela Lugosi film Black Dragons was not just a figment of a screenwriter’s imagination. The real-life group was described as a “nationalistic organization” that aimed to “inform the Japanese people of their … rights to dominate the world” and enjoyed a close relationship with the Japanese crime syndicate, the yakuza. Examine how the Black Dragons had a huge impact in pushing Japan into fanaticism, militarism, and a devastating war. Explore additional Asian-based groups, including the Green Dragons and the Genyosha (or Dark Ocean), and how they dabbled in everything from major bombings to a plan to assassinate Charlie Chaplin.

32 min
Italy’s Secret Government: The P2 Lodge
20: Italy’s Secret Government: The P2 Lodge

Propaganda-Due, or P-2 , an Italian pseudo-Masonic organization has been tied to a number of shady crimes and mysteries, including corruption, bribes, and even murder—but was made up of senior military and police officers, parliament members, journalists, and the heads of all three of Italy’s intelligence agencies. In fact, this exclusive society was rumored to be Italy’s secret government. Learn how this organization grew to include such important figures and what, exactly, its intent was.

33 min
From the KKK to the Black Shriners
21: From the KKK to the Black Shriners

Professor Spence turns his focus to the United States and looks at uniquely American secret societies, including the sham group known as the U. S. Secret and Civil Service Society, Self-Supporting Branch. He also covers the disturbing emergence and evolution of the Ku Klux Klan. The history of the Ancient Arabic Order of the Nobles of the Mystic Shrine—or the Shriners is also covered. Discover how the secret societies that emerged during this period provided foundation for and acted as a reflection of America at the turn of the century.

31 min
Bohemian Grove, Bilderbergers, and Elites
22: Bohemian Grove, Bilderbergers, and Elites

Sometimes being among the 1 percent is not exclusive enough. Get to know the elite secret societies that only recruited members who were already—or would likely be—rich or influential, including the Bohemian Club, the Schlaraffia, the Sath-Bhai or Asiatic Brethren, the FOGC, the Skull & Bones Society, and more. These primarily men-only clubs are rumored to have dabbled in black arts, unusual rituals, and conspiratorial agendas. Discover which famous, influential, and prominent big names were members of these privileged groups.

31 min
Secret Societies for Aging Swingers
23: Secret Societies for Aging Swingers

In what sounds like the start of a bad joke involving L. Ron Hubbard, J. Edgar Hoover, and Charles Manson, Professor Spence introduces you to a crazy-sounding story about Aleister Crowley’s secret society, Ordo Templi Orientis, as he debates the merits of truth around it. From there, hear some fantastical stories about UFOs, the Priory of Sion, the American Heraldry Society, the Society of St. John of Jerusalem—known as Shickshinny Knights, and other groups and events developed from hoaxes and disinformation that was intentionally designed to distract and mislead.

31 min
Terrorism’s Long Trail of Secret Cells
24: Terrorism’s Long Trail of Secret Cells

From the 1920 Wall Street bombing to the events of 9/11, see where secret societies have embraced terrorism as a mind game throughout history. Most secret orders are more or less harmless, but Professor Spence peers inside some which have used violence to further their agendas, including the Ku Klux Klan, the Red Army Faction, the Weathermen, the Symbionese Liberation Army. Professor Spence also provides an overview of the evolution of Islamic extremism.

33 min
Secret Societies: The Never Ending Story
25: Secret Societies: The Never Ending Story

Professor Spence provides some final examples of secret societies that reinforce what their common characteristics are and what their leaders are like. Taking an in-depth look at The Order—an American society of anti-Semites, white supremacists, and neo-Nazis—as well as FEAR (Forever Enduring, Always Ready), the Silver Legion of America (Silver Shirts), and others, he demonstrates how so many of these secret societies begot, influenced, or resulted in other ones, keeping the tradition going, suggesting that there are hundreds, if not thousands, more that have remained secret.

36 min
UFOs and the Elusive George Hunt Williamson
26: UFOs and the Elusive George Hunt Williamson

On the afternoon of 20 November 1952, a small group of people milled around a canyon outside Desert Center, California. Among them was 25-year-old George Hunt Williamson, an ex-military man and amateur archaeologist. Consider the possible connection between a desert cult and the UFO craze of the 1950s.

8 min
Richard B. Spence

A key theme is that human history, behavior and reality are governed not by what we know but by what we believe.


University of California, Santa Barbara


University of Idaho

About Richard B. Spence

Dr. Richard B. “Rick” Spence is Professor of History at the University of Idaho, where he has taught since 1986. He holds a Ph.D. from the University of California, Santa Barbara (1981), and taught there as a visiting assistant professor from 1981 to 1985. His primary areas of study are modern Russian, modern European, Middle Eastern, and military history. Professor Spence’s research interests include espionage; occultism; anti-Semitism; and, of course, secret societies. His major published works include Boris Savinkov: Renegade on the Left (1991), Trust No One: The Secret World of Sidney Reilly (2002), Secret Agent 666: Aleister Crowley, British Intelligence and the Occult (2008), and Wall Street and the Russian Revolution, 1905-1925 (2017). He is the author of numerous articles in Revolutionary Russia, Intelligence and National Security, Journal for the Study of Anti-Semitism, American Communist History, The Historian, and other journals. He has also contributed to New Dawn and other popular publications. His current projects include a book, American Spies in Revolutionary Russia, and articles on the mysterious literary figure, Arthur Cravan; the smuggling of Russian Imperial Jewels; and the deadly Eddystone munitions plant explosion of 1917. He has been a commentator/consultant for HISTORY®, the International Spy Museum, Radio Liberty, and has consulted for and been interviewed in documentaries produced by the Russian Cultural Foundation, Mamontov Productions, and other Russian media outlets. He is also a popular guest on radio shows and podcasts, having been interviewed more than 30 times since 2015 on such programs as The Other Side of Might, Midnight in the Desert, Leak Project, Esoteric Hollywood, and Truth Be Told. Professor Spence offers a number of special courses at the University of Idaho, including Conspiracies and Secret Societies in History, Anti-Semitism and the Holocaust, History of Terrorism, and The Occult in History. He has been recognized for his contributions to the University’s Honors, International Studies and Naval ROTC Programs, and has received teaching excellence awards from the university, alumni, and student body.

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