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Thinking about Religion and Violence

Join an award-winning religion professor for a startling, open-minded examination of the connection between human spirituality and violence.
Thinking about Religion and Violence is rated 4.2 out of 5 by 62.
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Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great course opened my mind to new ideas I think Dr. Bivins did a great job here and I would recommend this to anyone who wants to understand the connections and concepts we see today. I enjoy it when I have time to listen. Clearly went over the all religions and did not pick on one or the other. Helped me with my overall understanding on the subject without a doubt.
Date published: 2024-06-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from incredibly timely and important I've just concluded watching this course on Religion and Violence. I was mesmerized by Professor Bivens who presented an extraordinary set of lectures. Not only did he stretch my understanding of the root causes of the issues, but even more importantly, his talks really forced me to think, and in some cases rethink, my understandings of these causes then and root causes- now. Mediation and finding the middle are the result of a well rounded understanding of the causes of base line challenges being faced. Antisemitism is only 1 hate of "others" presented here and I felt no specific bias towards Christianity that isn't based on history. History is not a story to be cleansed and repainted before presentation. Professor Bivens has challenged us all with this series, I commend all people who currently are trying to understand the world we live in, and those looking for logic in an illogical world to watch this course from beginning to end. The challenges we face in 2024 are quite similar to those alluded to when these lectures were filmed in 2017. Perhaps, after completing this course I should recognize the issues are NOT going away yet. We all need to watch this course and learn first, then speak. Would I recommend this course to a friend? Yes, but even more so to those standing on the other side of the issues we, as a world face today. Perhaps in learning from Jason Bivins, we can move the world forward.
Date published: 2024-05-22
Rated 1 out of 5 by from Unable to access course No idea what this course is like, because since paying for the course I have been unable to access the course. It might be good if I was actually able to do the course ...
Date published: 2024-02-04
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Both Honest and Insightful . . . I was pleasantly surprised by the content presented in this course. Often, Christians deny, defend and deflect when dealing with some of these difficult topics within Christianity. I appreciated the honest presentation and discourse. I highly recommend the video version of the course rather than ONLY audio. It made the content easier to digest and understand. Keep up the GREAT WORK!! It matters!
Date published: 2023-06-06
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Intellectually dishonest Don’t get me wrong, I have no problem criticizing Christianity. I was a product of Christianity and it caused me a lot of trauma for many of the reasons discussed in this series. And I don’t disagree with the lecturers points. But there are a lot of episodes where he spends a vast majority of the time talking about Christianity, especially the gender and sexuality lectures which I just watched, and bash on it nonstop. Drawing upon both modern and remote anecdotes. Then he spends a tiny fraction of the time just mentioning Islam. Are you really gonna tell me the Christians have gotten it more wrong on issues of gender and sexuality than the Muslims, even in modern times? It just fees very intellectually dishonest. Especially when he tried to justify the Hijab as actually being “liberating” for women. I’m sorry, shall we talk about the Niqab then? You wanna tell me how that’s liberating? Just really puts me off and makes it hard to trust anything else he says.
Date published: 2023-03-22
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great Topics & A Lot to Think About I picked this course due to some of the theme's I picked up on, including: different religions, spiritual beliefs and the ill fated violence that they all have established within our history and thus probably our future. I do have to admit that I am glad I do not read reviews. My point, listen to all the information, then do your research you will find that to start to change our world, means to not repeat our past. Our future is only bright if you give another's idea, thoughts, research and beliefs a chance. You never have to agree, but in listening to this entire series I am reminded that we all do have to start to listen. Thank you for these lectures, they were informative and kind. We could all use a little more kindness.
Date published: 2022-06-23
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Intellectually Stimulating Topic The professor brings forth many ideas. I especially appreciated the material about extremist, violent groups in the history of the USA and he has prompted me to do research on them. The course is very valuable and thought provoking.
Date published: 2022-04-08
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Brilliant. Deep. I bought this course several years back and had forgotten about my purchase. I have watched the lectures over the last twenty days. On average, I watched one lecture a day. Halfway through I bought the transcript. This is a deep course, and the material is heavy, which is why I recommend one lecture a day. Prof Bivins has covered extensive ground in these lectures, and I congratulate him for taking a neutral stand throughout the entire process. It is easy to take sides, and he resisted the temptation. There is much material, and for me what was valuable, was: 1. He laid out some basic principles and themes at the outset 2 He covered instances of religious violence throughout the world. Each got its own chapter, and he put them into a social and historical context. This is invaluable. The concluding chapter at the end is excellent, in which he laid out some specific recommendations. You may agree or disagree with these or with some of the material. However, he has given us all many things to consider. For my part, I will watch this again after a year
Date published: 2022-04-04
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In Thinking about Religion and Violence, award-winning Professor Jason C. Bivins takes you on a global, 24-lecture investigation of the roots of religious violence that offers more informed ways of thinking about it. You'll consider how faiths view concepts like human sacrifice and martyrdom; the ways religious violence can be directed toward specific races and genders; and concepts like heresy and demonology.


Jason C. Bivins

If you can raise questions, think through competing considerations, assess the range of principles and practices at stake in what goes into making religious violence, you’re already in a different conceptual world. And if that world is one in which it’s harder to discriminate or mistreat others, then I think you’ll be on the right path.


North Carolina State University

Jason C. Bivins is a Professor of Religious Studies in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at North Carolina State University. He received his B.A. in Religion from Oberlin College and his Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Indiana University. Professor Bivins has taught at North Carolina State University since 2000 and has received several teaching awards there.


Professor Bivins specializes in religion and American culture, focusing particularly on the intersection between religions and politics since 1900. His books include Spirits Rejoice! Jazz and American Religion (named an Outstanding Academic Title of 2015 by Choice); Religion of Fear: The Politics of Horror in Conservative Evangelicalism (named a 2008 Outstanding Academic Title selected by Choice); and The Fracture of Good Order: Christian Antiliberalism and the Challenge to American Politics. His books have received coverage from both mainstream and academic media, including National Public Radio, The Washington Times, and Religion Dispatches.


Professor Bivins has also published articles, book chapters, review essays, and pieces on religion, politics, and culture in the United States, as well as on theory and method in the study of religion. Regularly interviewed by newspapers, podcasts, radio shows, and other public media, Professor Bivins serves on multiple committees in the American Academy of Religion and was a section coeditor for Religion Compass.

By This Professor

Thinking about Religion and Violence
Thinking about Religion and Violence


Religion and Violence: A Strange Nexus

01: Religion and Violence: A Strange Nexus

What is the essence of religious violence? What are the historical trends that explain the relationship between religious beliefs and violence? What are some problematic ways we often frame the issue of religious violence? Begin your exploration of these and other perplexing questions about this complex subject.

31 min
Defining Religion and Violence

02: Defining Religion and Violence

Get a solid introduction to different ways of recognizing and studying religion as a way to start making sense of religious violence. Central to this lecture is the idea that religion and violence exist in a fluid relationship, which can make the boundary between religious and non-religious identities fuzzy as well.

29 min
Violence in Sacred Texts

03: Violence in Sacred Texts

Explore the special power and authority that sacred texts have for religious practitioners, and how some people invoke these stories and images to legitimize violence. Consider several prevalent themes found in sacred texts like the Bible, the Bhagavad-Gita, and the Qur’an: vengeful deities, holy wars, and holy suffering.

31 min
Martyrdom, Sacrifice, and Self-Harm

04: Martyrdom, Sacrifice, and Self-Harm

Sacrifice is one of the most fundamental building blocks of religion. Here, examine how and why people commit self-harm and sacrifice for religious purposes. Topics include animal sacrifice during India’s Vedic period, self-denial and asceticism (such as vows of celibacy), and religious suicides from ancient Rome to the modern era.

31 min
Scapegoating and Demonology

05: Scapegoating and Demonology

Discover how religious violence is almost always justified by portraying its targets as something other than human, or as malevolent. Professor Bivins explains how the social process of Other-ing has led religions to process and create fear through scapegoats, demons and monsters, false gods, and Antichrist figures.

31 min
Understanding Witch Trials

06: Understanding Witch Trials

One of the most effective ways of demonstrating religious power is through trial and punishment. Examine the use of law and the meanings of public displays of violence as seen in historical cases of witch hunting and witch trials. Witches, it turns out, are in many ways more reviled than demons.

31 min
The Apocalyptic Outlook

07: The Apocalyptic Outlook

For humans, the world is always about to end. Using examples like the People’s Temple, the Branch Davidians, and Aum Shinrikyo, as well as 19th-century America, explore the meanings of apocalypticism as a form of human meaning-making, as well as its role in the phenomenon of religious violence.

30 min
Racial Violence and Religion

08: Racial Violence and Religion

Focus here on a very specific aspect of Other-ing: the idea of different races as the objects of religious violence. First, examine how religions generate racial ideas. Then, take a closer look at two very different expressions of racial religion: white supremacist Christianity and the Nation of Islam.

31 min
Religion and Violence against Women

09: Religion and Violence against Women

In this lecture, investigate the gendering of religious language and the treatment of women’s bodies in religious practices like menstrual seclusion and self-sacrifice. Also, study the anxiety around women that occurred during the Salem witch trials, as well as competing interpretations of women’s freedom and constraint in Islam.

31 min
Sexuality, Morality, and Punishment

10: Sexuality, Morality, and Punishment

How have religious traditions responded to sexuality with demonization, social constraint, and physical assault? What are some of the oldest, most outlandish forms of religious self-discipline? How has religious and political persecution worked to target specific issues related to sexuality and morality (specifically abortion and homosexuality)?

33 min
Heresies and Their Suppression

11: Heresies and Their Suppression

Generally speaking, heresies exist in every religious tradition. Professor Bivins explains how religious violence can consist not only of physical harm against people or groups but of legal constraints, denials of basic liberties, and misrepresentation. Examples you’ll consider include Pope Gregory IX’s heresy courts and the trial of Galileo.

32 min
Religion and Just War Theory

12: Religion and Just War Theory

When is it permissible to go to war? Learn how Hindus, Buddhists, Jews, Christians, and Muslims have all wrestled—morally, conceptually, strategically—with questions about how to balance religious ideals with real-world conflicts, and how religions define violence in the context of war as a necessary, limited evil.

30 min
Peace as a Religious Ideal

13: Peace as a Religious Ideal

While sacred texts contain passages on warfare and violence, they also contain maxims, stories, and images exhorting believers to peace. What are the challenges of pacifism? Examine the issue through three historical cases: Mahatma Gandhi, 20th-century American Catholic pacifism, and the Muslim scholar Sheikh al-Hajj Salim Suwari.

32 min
War Gods and Holy War

14: War Gods and Holy War

Focus on the role of war gods in human cultures and sacred texts. Then, take an extended look at the medieval Crusades, as well as Cold War religious imagery. It turns out the roots of war gods aren’t as removed from our present day as we’d like to think.

31 min
Religious Violence in Israel

15: Religious Violence in Israel

A big challenge in understanding interreligious conflict is figuring out the role national identity plays. See why this is the case in modern-day Israel, where conflicts between Judaism, Christianity, and Islam demonstrate the fractious experience of overlapping histories and the limits of secular power in a complex religious world.

31 min
Religious Violence in India

16: Religious Violence in India

First, look at the historical relationship of religious ethics to public life in India. Then, consider the legacy of colonialism in contributing to the rise of interreligious violence (especially surrounding Sikhism). Last, examine the Hindu hyper-nationalism known as Hindutva and the widely-discussed phenomenon called Saffron Terror.

32 min
Religion’s Relationship with Slavery

17: Religion’s Relationship with Slavery

How have religions wrestled with—but also condoned—the brutal institution of slavery (especially in the United States of America)? What you’ll learn in this eye-opening lecture is that, while some of slavery’s most powerful critics have been full-throated religious practitioners, the same can be said of slavery’s defenders.

30 min
Native Americans and Religious Violence

18: Native Americans and Religious Violence

Trace the role of violence in and around Native American traditions. How common is land displacement or outright theft? What’s the relationship between competing gods and vengeful ghosts? Is the story of indigenous peoples inseparable from colonialism and imperialism, which are often motivated to eradicate indigenous faiths?

30 min
Violence and “Cults”

19: Violence and “Cults”

Study the key characteristics that make a group a “cult,” including a desire for authenticity and a new pattern of life that breaks with mainstream culture. Then, use Mormonism, China’s Falun Gong, and the Solar Temple as ways to explore why some new religions provoke violence and others practice it.

29 min
Anti-Catholicism in Europe and America

20: Anti-Catholicism in Europe and America

In the first of two lectures on the power of stereotypes and misrepresentation to justify religious violence, look at how church reformers in Europe and the United States of America produced a series of enduring, negative images and stereotypes of Catholics: as degenerate, orgiastic, drunken, and power-mad.

31 min
The Persistence of Anti-Semitism

21: The Persistence of Anti-Semitism

Turn now to one of the more glaring and persistent traditions of anti-religious violence: anti-Semitism. Why has this form of historical suffering become an intimate component of Jewish identity? How is it portrayed in scriptural stories like Exodus, as well as modern-day moments of persecution and social marginalization?

31 min
Islam, Violence, and Islamophobia

22: Islam, Violence, and Islamophobia

Here, look at Islam and violence from different perspectives. Shed light on the negative stereotypes and representations common to discrimination against Muslims. Explore how Islamophobia depends on generalization and exaggeration, then consider Muslim theological sources of violence in the modern world, as well as significant examples of Islamic revolution.

32 min
Religion and Terrorism

23: Religion and Terrorism

In this lecture, do more than just focus on how to define terrorism. Instead, try and understand how and why terrorists see the world as they do—a task worth undertaking if we’re serious about understanding contemporary problems with religious violence. Your case studies here: Gush Emunim, Hezbollah, and al-Qaeda.

31 min
What We Can Do About Religious Violence

24: What We Can Do About Religious Violence

How can we change a world that produces so much religious violence? Professor Bivins starts with tools for individuals and proceeding from there through communities, nations, and international institutions. The important thing: to think concretely about religious violence rather than be numbed into fear or inaction.

33 min