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Visual Literacy Skills: How to See

Develop the visual skills of artists, designers, and architects in this fascinating journey into visual perception.
Visual Literacy Skills: How to See is rated 3.7 out of 5 by 26.
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Rated 2 out of 5 by from I'm among those who found this course a bit disappointing. While the premise and topics were interesting, the course seemed to fall flat. I had expected more visual examples, more depth, and more creative insight.
Date published: 2023-06-10
Rated 2 out of 5 by from So far disappointing I've not gotten very far into this course, but I am finding it tedious already. For a visual subject, I am finding the dearth of visual examples surprising. The endless lecture format just doesn't suit what could be a very exciting subject. Show me visually, don't tell me verbally.
Date published: 2022-08-28
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Very informative and elucidating In this course the professor teaches concepts from a lot of different disciplines. It is quite challenging and rewarding. I highly appreciate the content and the teaching.
Date published: 2022-08-07
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Great overview of the topic This is a wide-ranging course that provided a solid overview of the subject matter. The examples the instructor used were varied and helpful. So glad I took this course!
Date published: 2022-04-03
Rated 3 out of 5 by from Good length. Good material. I agree with the previous reviewer that the instructor sounded as if she were reading to us. She came across more uptight than other lecturers we have watched. Interesting material and lots of good vocab to learn though.
Date published: 2021-03-15
Rated 4 out of 5 by from Good Introductory course to visual thinking Well worth the watch! I was a little bit suspicious about this course mainly because of reading reviews which i now regret. Main complaint of people was that it is covering a wide range of subjects which are not fully explained and explored. However I think its best viewed as what it is- an introductory course about visual literacy. its a very wide field so I don't know how much going into depth you can actually expect. After letting go of my expectations and judgment I was more open to the ideas expressed in this course and able to receive the ideas and play with them in my personal life, it ended up being inspiring and widening the way I perceived the world around me. I would also like to acknowledge the special thought and heart that I felt was put into this by the professor , the many examples from her life and creative process has inspired me to have a more open and exploring approach to my daily life and how to get into the creative state. Very glad i watched this until the end and I would definitely recommend it to people who are on their start of a journey to creation
Date published: 2020-12-02
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Visual Literacy expands what is possible. I love Visual Literacy. This course is really put together well, and I can learn a lot with this great teacher. Thank you for letting me know that this skill exists. I didn't know that much of what we perceive in life is through visuals. It makes sense to train our visual senses better. Thank you so much!
Date published: 2020-10-19
Rated 5 out of 5 by from Wonderful overall introduction I took this course through Great Courses Plus. I found the course both clear and comprehensive, and the instructor engaging. I especially appreciated the course's variety - general information, vocabulary, suggestions for projects to do on one's own, and the many applications to regular daily life and "the real world." I also very much appreciated that this course was taught by someone who is a working artist - in addition to being an academic. I was sorry to complete the course. I could have studied more!
Date published: 2020-10-15
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Your ability to derive meaning from what you see is essential in a world suffused with images, and greatly increases your appreciation of art and design. From the works of great masters to the architecture of great buildings and even the design of everyday objects, visual literacy enhances your appreciation and ability to describe the aesthetics of practically anything. These lessons teach you the principles of design as the vocabulary of art √ line, shape, space, texture, color, and more √ and how to see and evaluate them. You learn also how the arrangement of these principles affect the quality of design and art overall. See how clues to a work's meaning are often communicated in the language of symbols, whether it's the iconography of a Renaissance work or the colors of a company's logo. You don't have to be an artist to appreciate and apply these lessons, though artists and designers will certainly benefit. You just need an active mind ready to see beyond the obvious in any designed art or object.In these 24 lessons, you'll take a deep look at how the principles and skills of visual literacy directly inform our experience. You'll learn the formal vocabulary of art, the principles of visual design, how visual language operates, and how to communicate visually. You'll also learn how to cultivate powers of deep observation, how to generate original thought, and how to create your own art or design.


Carrie Patterson

Teaching and making art are inseparable practices. I learned everything I know about teaching from outstanding painters who taught me the importance of passing on the tradition of making objects.


University of Pennsylvania

Carrie Patterson is a Professor of Art at St. Mary’s College of Maryland. She earned her BFA in Studio Art from James Madison University and her MFA in Painting from the University of Pennsylvania. Professor Patterson has been with St. Mary’s College of Maryland since 2004, teaching both undergraduate and graduate art courses and working across departments to foster an interdisciplinary approach to art education.

Professor Patterson is also a visual artist whose work considers how color, form, and line can measure and express our physical experiences. Her artwork has been exhibited across the country with solo shows in New York City, Philadelphia, Virginia, and Minnesota, as well as at Museo de Arte Moderno in Bogotá, Colombia. She has received several awards for her work, including the Savelli Painting Award and the graduate teaching award from the University of Pennsylvania, a Virginia Governor’s Fellowship award, and a Seedling Painting Award from the Leeway Foundation.

Through her studio in Leonardtown, Maryland, Professor Patterson promotes lifelong learning with a wide range of art classes for students of all ages and experience levels. She is currently developing an art curriculum for early childhood and K–12 students to encourage the establishment of critical visual literacy skills as part of foundational learning.

By This Professor

Visual Literacy Skills: How to See
Visual Literacy Skills: How to See


Visual Power: What It Is and Why It Matters

01: Visual Power: What It Is and Why It Matters

First, take into account the dominant role of visual input in the way we perceive, understand, and navigate the world. Consider the value of examining our visual experience and the visual choices we make, as they shape how we think, feel, and act. Practice two experiential exercises that train you to carefully observe what you see, and to explore the visual world through your other senses.

24 min
Seeing as a Skill

02: Seeing as a Skill

Begin to explore the components of visual literacy through specific exercises. Grasp how visual literacy involves accurately seeing, describing, and constructing meaning from your experience. Learn about the nature of visual syntax, and the importance of the function and context of what you see. Finally, examine how the modes of representation, abstraction, and symbolism function in art.

27 min
Sensing and Perceiving: How You See

03: Sensing and Perceiving: How You See

Study the anatomy of the eyes, the physiology of seeing, and how the eyes process visual sensations. Then, observe how the brain translates sensation into perception by selecting, organizing, and interpreting information. Look at visual perception using the principles of Gestalt psychology, as the principles describe how the elements of perception are organized into a holistic visual experience.

27 min
Should You Believe What You See?

04: Should You Believe What You See?

Delve into the most important aspect of our visual experience: the ways we create meaning from what we see. Learn about the nature of human cognitive function and how we conceptualize our perceptions of the world. Explore optical illusions, and how they’re used in Op Art. Then, examine how changing cultural norms affect the work of artists and architects, influencing their visual choices.

24 min
Representation and Illusion

05: Representation and Illusion

How do we define what is real? To begin to answer that question, look into representation in art, and how we value artists’ ability to create the illusion of form and dimension. Observe how photography alters our experience of the world, and how we tend to view photos as “truth.” Grasp the ways in which, in both photography and art, images are “constructed,” and how fact and fiction can overlap.

22 min
Elements of Visual Syntax

06: Elements of Visual Syntax

Visual syntax is the foundation for visual language. Look first at seven formal elements artists and designers use, such as line, shape, color, and texture. Learn about the principles of design that create a composition, including unity, emphasis, and balance. See how these elements and principles are used to create specific effects, by studying historic and contemporary interiors.

21 min
Visual Foundations: Dot, Line, and Shape

07: Visual Foundations: Dot, Line, and Shape

Take a systematic look at the visual elements artists and designers use in their creative work. Start with the dot, an individual point in space. Observe how artists use dots to establish location, form, and value. Continue with the properties and expressive uses of lines and implied lines in art. Finally, discover the principles of shapes, and study positive and negative space.

22 min
Visual Foundations: Value

08: Visual Foundations: Value

Continue your study of visual language with value, the degree of lightness or darkness of a hue or a form. Assess value in the work of celebrated artists, and practice exercises that train the eyes to see value. Note how the materials you use influence your work with value, and evaluate the value of colors using a grayscale. Learn to change value in paint colors through tinting and shading.

21 min
Visual Foundations: Color

09: Visual Foundations: Color

Observe how each human culture possesses a “language” of color, and how we assign meaning to colors. Look at different scientific systems for understanding color, and practice exercises to identify the dimensions of hue, value, and chroma. Grasp how color is relative to its surroundings, and how knowledge of color plays a key role in art, design, architecture, and any visual decision.

26 min
Visual Foundations: Texture

10: Visual Foundations: Texture

Consider texture as a vital component of our interaction with the visual world, noting how we experience texture through both touch and sight. Look into the physiology of touch, and the power of texture to produce strong physical and emotional responses. Explore texture through the techniques of collage, montage, and assemblage, and practice minute observation and the copying of textures.

21 min
Visual Foundations: Space

11: Visual Foundations: Space

Study how artists and designers create the illusion of space in two dimensions. Begin with shallow space, a compositional approach which stresses the two-dimensional aspect of an artwork. See how artists indicate space and depth through the placement of objects and measuring of proportions within the picture plane. Learn about atmospheric perspective, linear perspective, and projection.

22 min
Thinking in Three Dimensions

12: Thinking in Three Dimensions

This lesson explores the principles of three-dimensionality in art. Begin with a study of low relief artworks, where forms stand out against a flat surface, and do a studio exercise creating low relief in clay. Continue with high relief technique in clay, learning to model the volume of a form. Finish with a look at fully three-dimensional art, and create a simple freestanding sculpture.

31 min
Building in Three Dimensions

13: Building in Three Dimensions

Architecture, design, and 3D art all rest upon knowledge of volume and mass. Grasp the vital role of the materials used in architecture, as they affect structure, volume, and the the experience of a space. Review a case study of a designed house, for its use of volume, material, proportion, and scale. Observe how design must balance volume and mass for both functional and visual concerns.

28 min
The Limits of Space: Visual Landscapes

14: The Limits of Space: Visual Landscapes

Through landscape, explore how artists and designers navigate the complexities of space. Take a deep look at the rules of linear perspective as they apply both to art and to our immediate experience. Witness how artists capture the disordered sense of built environments through other perspective systems, and how they evoke a sense of timelessness and the infinite in depicting natural landscapes.

30 min
Principles of Design

15: Principles of Design

Here, begin to refine and deepen your own skills as a visual communicator. Look first at the nature of composition, the arrangement of visual elements in relation to one another. Then delve into four fundamental principles of design: unity and variety, emphasis, balance, and proportion and scale. Learn specific methods for cultivating and applying these principles in your own life.

21 min
Exploring Visual Time

16: Exploring Visual Time

Witness the remarkable ways in which time operates in art and visual communication. Note how the experience of art is influenced by the creation time of the work, the duration of viewing, and how artists capture fixed moments and the progress of time. Practice ways of seeing and expressing time visually, and observe elements such as tempo, implied motion, and real time in visual experience.

21 min
Strategies for Visual Storytelling

17: Strategies for Visual Storytelling

Unpack the principles behind visual art that conveys a narrative or story. See how a narrative can be expressed within a still image (static visual narrative), within a moving image (dynamic visual narrative), and within a format that requires the participation of the viewer (interactive visual narrative). Practice the skills of static narrative, and learn to convey a story using still images.

23 min
Symbol, Subject, Content, and Context

18: Symbol, Subject, Content, and Context

Explore how symbols, subject matter, content, and context work together to create meaning. First, delve into the function of signs, symbols, and logos, and assess their remarkable power. Delineate subject matter in art, in relation to content, the impact or meaning of an artwork. Then grasp the vital importance of context, as it affects our understanding of symbol, subject, and content.

23 min
Making Choices: Material, Method, and Style

19: Making Choices: Material, Method, and Style

In art and design, your material, artistic method, and style all carry meaning. Take a thorough look at the matter of choosing your material, and the practical and aesthetic factors bearing on that choice. Observe how the artistic method you employ affects the work and its meaning. Finally, define what style is, and grasp how to develop and express style in your work and your life.

27 min
Cultivating Creative Habits

20: Cultivating Creative Habits

Look at ways to build daily habits that engage your visual skills and cultivate your creative self. Consider taking time at the start of your day to set the stage for creative thinking and work. Study strategies for remaining flexible and open, refining visual consciousness, and capturing creative thoughts, using drawing, reading, and writing. Identify artistic habits that you’d like to grow.

18 min
The Visual Life: Active Observation

21: The Visual Life: Active Observation

Investigate what it means to become an intentional active observer. Consider practical ways to challenge or suspend ordinary perception in order to see in new ways and change your perspective. Practice convergent thinking and divergent thinking, non-linear brainstorming, sketching, and other techniques to expand your awareness and strip away assumptions about what you see.

27 min
The Visual Life: Exploring and Connecting

22: The Visual Life: Exploring and Connecting

Contemplate the essence of innovative thinking, in making connections that may not be obvious within phenomena you observe. Practice pushing your thinking into new areas by arousing curiosity, exploring connections, doing research, and looking at the large picture. Study scenarios that foster original thought, ways to generate ideas, and how to structure a period of creative work.

25 min
The Visual Life: Collecting

23: The Visual Life: Collecting

Examine the human impulse to collect, curate, and appropriate objects, and consider collecting as an essential skill for artists and designers. Observe examples of personal and historical collections, as well as public and private collections, and look into how to begin collecting yourself. Also, learn how to curate and display your own collection, and study guidelines for collecting art.

23 min
The Visual Life: Becoming a Maker

24: The Visual Life: Becoming a Maker

Conclude with an inspiring view into the process of creating art and design. Inquire into what type of artistic works attract you, and explore different paths to becoming a maker of art. Learn to set creative goals, set up a workspace, and select materials. Finally, look at how to identify a theme and subject matter, and consider ways to discover your unique creative process.

35 min